5+ – No guarantee of rights due to breakdown of the rule of law
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Libya

The ITUC does not have an affiliate in Libya.

After a six-month uprising Muammar Gaddafi’s 42-year authoritarian rule came to an end when rebels stormed into Tripoli in August 2011. Gaddafi was killed several weeks later and a transitional government was established. In July 2012, the first free national elections were held. However, tensions continue and the Commission of Inquiry on Libya established by the Human Rights Council found that serious violations, including war crimes and breaches of international human rights law continued to be committed against several communities. Moreover, the Commission found that authorities were failing to hold perpetrators accountable due to a lack of equal implementation of the law. The UN Security Council referred the situation to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court on 26 February 2011.
It is impossible for workers to enjoy their rights in a country where governmental institutions have fundamentally failed to hold those who are responsible for systematic violations of human rights and humanitarian law accountable. Respect for the rule of law is essential when it comes to the protection of the rights of workers.

In practice

Browse by:

Attempt on life of trade union activist 08-11-2015

On 8 November, an attempt was made on the life of Nermin Al-Sharif, head of the Libyan Dockers’ and Seafarers’ Union. This well-known figure from the international trade union movement – she plays an active role, for example, in the International Transport Federation (IFT) - was at the wheel of a car on the outskirts of Benghazi when the occupants of two vehicles began pursuing her and shooting at her. Hit by a bullet, the trade unionist was unable to avoid crashing. She had to be hospitalised. This is the second attempt to murder Nermin Al-Sharif. Like many other human rights activists, she was targeted by fanatics. The ITF, in partnership with LabourStart, launched a petition calling on Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni to protect trade unionists and human rights defenders. Three other well-known Libyan activists have recently been murdered.

Fundamental trade union rights in the Libyan storm15-01-2015

The first strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
staged by a Libyan civil aviation union, which brought airport operations to a standstill across the country at the end of May, had to be suspended to allow the victims of injuries to receive medical attention. Against the background of widespread chaos, with militias waging battle, workers are faced with constant danger and unspeakable suffering. At the beginning of 2015, the general air transport union GATU and another union representing staff at the airport catering company tried, without success, to initiate a dialogue with their employer. Although the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
had to be suspended on humanitarian grounds, it enabled the two unions to negotiate the establishment of a works council works council 1. A body elected to represent the interests of workers within a workplace through communication and consultation with the employer e.g. concerning working conditions and health and safety issues. 2. A joint council composed of representatives of both workers and the employer for workplace-level discussions on matters of common interest. at which the workers’ demands could be discussed.

Oil guards strike20-08-2013
Freedom of association needs to be restored31-12-2011

There is no tradition of trade union organising organising The process of forming or joining a trade union, or inducing other workers to form or join one. in Libya after 42 years of autocratic rule during which there was no tolerance of any independent trade union activity. The single national centre, the General Trade Union Federation of Workers’ (GTUFW) was under government control, despite claims of greater independence in recent years. Privatisation and the increasing number of foreign-owned companies led in recent years to some instances of workers trying to take collective action outside the official structures, although with little effect. Since the uprising some public sector workers have also begun to press for their rights. Healthcare workers and media professionals began protesting in November in Benghazi, calling for an end to administrative corruption and better working conditions. Employees of the naval base also protested, over unpaid salaries and a shortage of supplies. Much needs to be done to channel such protest movements into the building of a strong independent workers’ movement.

Migrant workers excluded from unions31-12-2010

Libya’s business boom has led to increasing reliance from the Maghreb, sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. It is estimated that over one fifth of the workforce are expatriates. Those from the Maghreb tend to be fairly well treated while migrant workers from sub-Sharan Africa and increasingly Asia often do menial jobs. During the year hundreds of Nepalese and Indian workers had to be repatriated by their governments as they were not being paid at all, while about 200 Bangladeshi workers went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
for two weeks over non-payment of wages and beatings by management. Migrant workers cannot form their own unions, nor can they hold union office, and the official trade unions appear to be doing nothing to support or organise them.

Collective bargaining31-12-2010

The government has the right to set salaries unilaterally and even to cut them, as it has done repeatedly in the recent past, for instance with the national airline. So in practice, there is no real collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
at either the national or sectoral level. In the event of a dispute, the union centre approaches the management to find solutions and concludes an individual agreement with the company.

© ITUC-CSI-IGB 2013 | www.ituc-csi.org | Contact Design by Pixeleyes.be - maps: jVectorMap