4 – Systematic violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Mexico

The ITUC affiliates in Mexico are the Confederación de Trabajadores de México (CTM), the Confederación Revolucionaria de Obreros y Campesinos (CROC), the Consejo Nacional de los Trabajadores (CNT) and the Unión Nacional de Trabajadores (UNT).

In practice

Browse by:

InBev violates workers´ rights in Mexico02-05-2014

Thirty three workers continue to insist on reinstatement to their former jobs and their rights fully restored. These 33 workers who have been fighting for justice since 2008 won reinstatement at Industria Vidriera del Potosí (a subsidiary of Grupo Modelo-AB InBev) as a result of the ruling of the Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
andArbitration Board at the beginning of April 2014.

On 26 January 2008, Vidriera sacked 220 workers including the entire executive committee of the IndustriALL-affiliated glass workers’ union (SUTEIVP). They did so following the negotiated agreement of a 19 per cent wage increase by this independent union independent union A trade union that is not affiliated to a national union. Can also be a union that is not dominated by an employer.

See yellow union

.

Workers currently face huge hardship as a result of the company’s actions including “company blacklisting” and complicit local labour authorities making it practically impossible for dismissed workers and their families to find work locally and in other regions of Mexico.

200 arrested for protesting for decent pay18-03-2015

The Baja California state government arrested more than 200 people on 18 March 2015 during protests to demand higher wages. Farmworkers around the town of San Quintin often make less than $8 a day picking fruit and vegetables. They want wages raised to about $20 a day. The state government said the 200 were arrested on suspicion of blocking roads. In addition to decent pay, the workers said they wanted overtime pay, medical care and an end to sexual harassment by bosses.

Violent police crackdown on teachers’ protest, while army faces questions over abductions24-02-2014

On 24 February the police violently attacked teachers from the CETEG education workers’ union during a protest over pay as they marched on the Juan Alvarez de Acapulco airport in the city of Acapulcoon. Photos appeared in the press of teachers with bloodied faces, and many required hospital treatment. Over 100 demonstrators were arrested.

The protest began after an estimated 94,000 CETEG workers and other public servants had not received their salaries, and around 2,000 teachers took part in the demonstration to demand the authorities resolve the pay issue. They were also demanding the government continue to investigate and take action against the perpetrators of the abduction and suspected massacre of 43 student teachers who disappeared in September. The authorities declared it a “legal certainty” that those missing were murdered by drug cartel hitmen, but parents and unions said this was an attempt to close the case prematurely.

In January the focus of those leading the campaign for answers on the massacre turned to the Mexican army, which has been forced to repeatedly deny allegations its soldiers were involved. Omar Garcia, a 24-year-old student who was threatened by soldiers after escaping from police gunmen on the night of the abductions and was a leading campaigner, said: “We have reason to believe that the army was involved in the disappearance of our companions. They were there that night. They probably covered up, facilitated, or played a leading role in the disappearances.”

Bata union leader arrested20-01-2014

Epifanio García Carrillo, an executive committe member of the Calzado Sandak Workers Union (SUTCS), was taken into custody on 20 January. A further eight workers were threatened with detention. The union represents workers at Bata’s subsidiary in Tlaxcala, where members had been blockading the Calzado Sandak plant since August 2012. They wanted to prevent the company from removing machinery and illegally shifting production from the unionised plant to unregulated home-based workshops. After eight days in detention, Epifanio García Carrillo was released on 28 January. All charges against him were dropped.

Honda Mexico fires union official for a second time01-12-2014

Honda Mexico dismissed Raúl Celestino Pallares Cardoza, records secretary of the Honda Mexico United Workers’ Union, STUHM, for a second time on 1 December 2014. He had only just returned to his job at the Honda plant in the El Salto industrial corridor, on 26 November, after being unfairly dismissed in April 2010.

The Labour Court had ordered and implemented his legal reinstatement, but on 1 December, Alejandro Salaiza Rubio, governmental relations manager, barred Pallares Cardoza from entering the company, saying he had “broken company rules” and added that he would be informed of the reasons for his dismissal through legal channels. During his four days back at the company, Pallares Cardoza was virtually isolated from the rest of the workforce and kept in the administration offices. He was made to travel to work on the buses allocated for administrative staff, and his lunch hour was also changed to a period reserved for only for suppliers.

In the meantime the Federal Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and Arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
Board seemed to be taking an unreasonable amount of time to process the STUHM’s application to represent the workers for collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
purposes. Over a year had gone by since the union submitted an application, but the board had not managed to reach an agreement with the company about the register of workers eligible to vote in the ballot. It had also failed to set a date for the ballot.

Unfair dismissals over strike action and union recognition16-04-2014

Teksid Hierro, part of the Fiat Chrysler group, in Monclova, Coahuila, dismissed three workers following a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
that began on 16 April 2014 in protest of low wages and benefits. The workers also wanted to affiliate to the National Mining and Metal Workers Union (SNTMMSRM). The company later signed an agreement with the SNTMMSRM in which it promised to reinstate the three dismissed workers, make profit sharing payments to workers and respect workers’ right to join a union of their choice. It also agreed not to take reprisals against workers who took part in the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
.

However, on 26 November, Teksid Hierro dismissed 17 workers, including their spokeswoman, Imelda Jiménez, for calling on the company to comply with the agreement. The company claimed it had dismissed the workers because production had ended and their contracts were temporary. The union criticised the dismissals as intimidation, believing the company was trying to provoke the workers into stopping work. The company dismissed the workers before paying them their benefits and wages and tried to force them to accept their redundancy cheques. This was a key tactic, as workers who do not sign redundancy papers can continue to seek reinstatement and payment of unpaid wages and vote in the election to choose which union should represent the workforce.

Miners’ leader finally ends exile imposed by anti-union persecution28-08-2014

On 28 August 2014 all charges against Napoleón Gómez Urrutia, general secretary of the National Mining and Metal Workers Union (SNTMMSRM), were dropped by the Mexican courts as baseless and unconstitutional. He had spent eight years living in exile in Canada under threat of detention for allegedly defrauding the union of US$55 million. The accusation related to the dissolution of a union trust fund in 2005. Charges had been brought against Gómez Urrutia eleven times, and each time they were overturned. The union, which had always maintained the charges were baseless and had unanimously elected him as their general secretary twice, in 2002 and again in 2008, believed the accusation was politically motivated. Gómez Urrutia had been persecuted by the corporate-government alliance since 2006 for his strong condemnation of the industrial homicide at Pasta de Conchos mine when 65 miners died.

Steel company dismisses striking workers25-06-2014
InBev violates workers´ rights in Mexico02-05-2014

Thirty three workers continue to insist on reinstatement to their former jobs and their rights fully restored. These 33 workers who have been fighting for justice since 2008 won reinstatement at Industria Vidriera del Potosí (a subsidiary of Grupo Modelo-AB InBev) as a result of the ruling of the Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and Arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
Board at the beginning of April 2014.

On 26 January 2008, Vidriera sacked 220 workers including the entire executive committee of the IndustriALL-affiliated glass workers’ union (SUTEIVP). They did so following the negotiated agreement of a 19% wage increase by this independent union independent union A trade union that is not affiliated to a national union. Can also be a union that is not dominated by an employer.

See yellow union

.

Workers currently face huge hardship as a result of the company’s actions including “company blacklisting” and complicit local labour authorities making it practically impossible for dismissed workers and their families to find work locally and in other regions of Mexico.

Teksid workers ambushed and beaten up23-04-2014

Workers at Teksid Hierro in Monclova, Ciudad Frontera, Coahuila, Mexico, part of the Fiat Chrysler Group, are fighting back against abusive reprisals for organizing. Three workers, Marisol Ruiz Moreno, Orlando Mendoza Guardiola and Oscar Arturo Rodríguez Ponce, were sacked on 18 April and 11 more were savagely and cowardly assaulted by 80-100 hired thugs, while coming out of a meeting with management and labour authorities on 21 April 2014.

Peasant leaders assassinated in Guerrero13-12-2013

Two peasant leaders, Juan Lucena Ríos and José Luis Sotelo Martínez, from the community of Paraíso, a town of 6,000, were assassinated on November 16 in downtown Atoyac de Álvarez in the Costa Grande region of Guerrero as they were leading a protest by coffee workers. This came a day after they had announced that they were creating a community policing organisation in the town.

Union busting action by Operadora Gasoil13-12-2013
Abuses at PKC Mexico30-06-2013

An independent investigation of the Finnish auto parts company PKC in Mexico released in June 2013 found that PKC imposed a company union company union Can be used to describe either an enterprise union or a yellow union. without the knowledge of its workers, harassed and threatened workers who attempted to join the independent Mexican Mine and Metalworkers’ union, manipulated an election to defeat the Mineworkers, and fired independent union independent union A trade union that is not affiliated to a national union. Can also be a union that is not dominated by an employer.

See yellow union

supporters.

Reprisals and Dismissals at Honda Mexico07-05-2013

On 7 May 2013, Honda Mexico breached a workplace agreement and dismissed five workers in a complicit campaign by the company and local protection union, SETEAMI, to intimidate the workforce. All of them were members of the committee that negotiated a settlement after 90 per cent of the workers showed their dissatisfaction with the company’s refusal to share its profits in a work-stoppage on 16-18 April.

Refusal to consult unions and anti-union discrimination31-01-2013

The case of the Sindicato Mexicano de Electricistas (SME) workers is still unresolved. In 2009, the Fuerza y Luz company was closed down arbitrarily and without consultation. This is considered as an open attack on one of the most important unions in Mexico. The SME has fought to get those workers reinstated ever since. In January 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that there was no obligation to re-employ the dismissed workers.

Obstacles to collective bargaining19-08-2013

90 per cent of collective agreements are signed by protection-contract unions established by employers and corrupt organisations with the aim of preventing bargaining in good faith.

One of the most serious violations occurred with the telecommunications company Atento Servicios concerning a contractual entitlement trial filed by the Sindicato de Telefonistas de la República Mexicana in order to invalidate the protection contracts. The trial was reportedly rigged.

Refusal to recognise unions19-08-2013

Governmental agencies such as the Federal Electoral Institute and other public bodies systematically refuse to recognise unions.

Poor labour inspection and lack of social cover31-12-2011

The labour authorities do not fulfil their obligations in terms of workplace labour inspections. The most vulnerable workers include women and children, many of whom work in the informal economy, with no rights.

According to local conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
boards, the principal complaints against enterprises are about the failure to register workers with the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), excessively long working hours, the non-payment of overtime, transfers to workplaces in remote locations, the docking of wages and no recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. of the right to organise.

Employers and government systematically violate trade union rights31-12-2011

Numerous independent trade unions suffered violent attacks, intimidation and the repression of trade union rights during 2010, such as the mine, metal and allied workers’ union Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos y Similares de la República Méxicana (SNTMMSRM), the electricians’ union Sindicato Mexicano de Electricistas (SME), the union representing professional and technical workers at the state oil company PEMEX, the Unión Nacional de Técnicos y Profesionistas Petroleros (UNTyPP), the tire workers’ union Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de General Tire de México (SNTGTM), the union representing university staff at the UACM, the Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de la Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México (SUTUACM), the telephone workers’ union Sindicato de Telefonistas de la República Mexicana (STRM), the Frente Auténtico del Trabajo (FAT) and as many as 30 other organisations affiliated to the Unión Nacional de Trabajadores (UNT).

Employers, backed by the government, relentlessly devise and perfect mechanisms to suppress trade union rights. The aim of these widespread violations is to stop workers from organising organising The process of forming or joining a trade union, or inducing other workers to form or join one. and to crush or weaken their unions. The result is the proliferation of “protection contracts”, repression, threats, and the hiring of thugs to attack organised workers.

© ITUC-CSI-IGB 2013 | www.ituc-csi.org | Contact Design by Pixeleyes.be - maps: jVectorMap