The ITUC affiliates in Mexico are the Confederación de Trabajadores de México (CTM), the Confederación Revolucionaria de Obreros y Campesinos (CROC), the Consejo Nacional de los Trabajadores (CNT) and the Unión Nacional de Trabajadores (UNT).

In practice

Freedom of association / Right to organise

Barriers to the establishment of organizations:

Union busting action by Operadora Gasoil

Trade union discrimination:

Abuses at PKC Mexico

An independent investigation of the Finnish auto parts company PKC in Mexico released in June 2013 found that PKC imposed a company union company union Can be used to describe either an enterprise union or a yellow union. without the knowledge of its workers, harassed and threatened workers who attempted to join the independent Mexican Mine and Metalworkers’ union, manipulated an election to defeat the Mineworkers, and fired independent union independent union A trade union that is not affiliated to a national union. Can also be a union that is not dominated by an employer.

See yellow union


Reprisals and Dismissals at Honda Mexico

On 7 May 2013, Honda Mexico breached a workplace agreement and dismissed five workers in a complicit campaign by the company and local protection union, SETEAMI, to intimidate the workforce. All of them were members of the committee that negotiated a settlement after 90 per cent of the workers showed their dissatisfaction with the company’s refusal to share its profits in a work-stoppage on 16-18 April.

Refusal to consult unions and anti-union discrimination

The case of the Sindicato Mexicano de Electricistas (SME) workers is still unresolved. In 2009, the Fuerza y Luz company was closed down arbitrarily and without consultation. This is considered as an open attack on one of the most important unions in Mexico. The SME has fought to get those workers reinstated ever since. In January 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that there was no obligation to re-employ the dismissed workers.

Others restrictions:

Peasant leaders assassinated in Guerrero

Two peasant leaders, Juan Lucena Ríos and José Luis Sotelo Martínez, from the community of Paraíso, a town of 6,000, were assassinated on November 16 in downtown Atoyac de Álvarez in the Costa Grande region of Guerrero as they were leading a protest by coffee workers. This came a day after they had announced that they were creating a community policing organisation in the town.

Employers and government systematically violate trade union rights

Numerous independent trade unions suffered violent attacks, intimidation and the repression of trade union rights during 2010, such as the mine, metal and allied workers’ union Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos y Similares de la República Méxicana (SNTMMSRM), the electricians’ union Sindicato Mexicano de Electricistas (SME), the union representing professional and technical workers at the state oil company PEMEX, the Unión Nacional de Técnicos y Profesionistas Petroleros (UNTyPP), the tire workers’ union Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de General Tire de México (SNTGTM), the union representing university staff at the UACM, the Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de la Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México (SUTUACM), the telephone workers’ union Sindicato de Telefonistas de la República Mexicana (STRM), the Frente Auténtico del Trabajo (FAT) and as many as 30 other organisations affiliated to the Unión Nacional de Trabajadores (UNT).

Employers, backed by the government, relentlessly devise and perfect mechanisms to suppress trade union rights. The aim of these widespread violations is to stop workers from organising organising The process of forming or joining a trade union, or inducing other workers to form or join one. and to crush or weaken their unions. The result is the proliferation of “protection contracts”, repression, threats, and the hiring of thugs to attack organised workers.

Right to collective bargaining

Barriers to the recognition of collective bargaining agents:

Refusal to recognise unions

Governmental agencies such as the Federal Electoral Institute and other public bodies systematically refuse to recognise unions.

Poor labour inspection and lack of social cover

The labour authorities do not fulfil their obligations in terms of workplace labour inspections. The most vulnerable workers include women and children, many of whom work in the informal economy, with no rights.

According to local conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
boards, the principal complaints against enterprises are about the failure to register workers with the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), excessively long working hours, the non-payment of overtime, transfers to workplaces in remote locations, the docking of wages and no recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. of the right to organise.

Undermining of the recourse to collective bargaining and his effectiveness:

Obstacles to collective bargaining

90 per cent of collective agreements are signed by protection-contract unions established by employers and corrupt organisations with the aim of preventing bargaining in good faith.

One of the most serious violations occurred with the telecommunications company Atento Servicios concerning a contractual entitlement trial filed by the Sindicato de Telefonistas de la República Mexicana in order to invalidate the protection contracts. The trial was reportedly rigged.

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