4 – Systematic violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Chad

The ITUC affiliates in Chad are the Confédération Libre des Travailleurs du Tchad (CLTT) and the Union des Syndicats du Tchad (UST).

In practice

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Repression and intimidation of trade unions taking strike action30-12-2016

In December 2016, the Chadian authorities intensified the repression of trade unions in response to unprecedented social discontent. The UST and two other trade union organisations, which had formed a common front, had been heading strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
action since the end of September in the public service, education and health sectors, to protest the drastic austerity measures, wages arrears and bad governance in general.

On 6 December, in the capital, a demonstration organised by the women’s committees of the three unions was prevented from going ahead when the police blocked off access to the Bourse du Travail (Labour Exchange). In Moundou, in the south of the country, another women’s demonstration was repressed. Several women were briefly held for questioning.

On 26 December, during a political meeting attended by journalists, the head of state launched into a diatribe against trade unions, threatening to have them dissolved if they continued to oppose the regime, accusing them of being on the payroll of the opposition, and getting rich off the backs of workers. Embarrassed by the virulence of the attack, the president’s entourage prohibited its broadcast by the media.

During the same period, delegates planning to travel to Chad as part of a trade union mission organised by the CGT (France) in support of the strikers were refused visas on two occasions. The government also urgently passed a new regulation undermining the right to strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
. On 30 December, the parliament approved the government’s decision to dock pay from employees’ salaries for strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
days.

UST general secretary arrested and sentenced14-04-2016

On 22 March 2016, Younous Mahadjir, general secretary of the UST (Union des Syndicats du Tchad), affiliated to the ITUC, was arrested for having called for a peaceful demonstration against the decision of President Idriss Deby Itno, who had been in power for 26 years, to seek a fifth term in office. Three other civil society leaders were also imprisoned on the same grounds. The four activists were released on 14 April, a few days after the president’s re-election, after having received a four-month suspended sentence and a ban on organising organising The process of forming or joining a trade union, or inducing other workers to form or join one. subversive activities. Public Services International (PSI) and Amnesty International had campaigned for their release.

Attacks on trade union and fundamental rights31-12-2015

In February, Amnesty International reported that the freedom of expression and association of human rights defenders, journalists and trade unionists was regularly violated. They were routine targets of intimidation, harassment or arbitrary arrests at the hands of the security services as well as administrative fines. The Union des Syndicats du Tchad (UST), Radio FM Liberté and the Chadian Human Rights League (LTDH), which maintain close links, continued to work in a climate of repression and suspicion.

In January, in Doba, then in March in the capital, student demonstrations led to fatal police violence: four deaths in January and two in March. Teaching staff belonging to the Syndicat National des Enseignants et Chercheurs du Supérieur (SYNECS) at the University of N’Djamena were brutally attacked by police officers who forced their way onto their premises. In a damning report on the events in N’Djamena, the Chadian Human Rights League (LTDH) revealed that two people were killed, 103 were injured and over 200 were arrested, 53 of whom were tortured or subjected to degrading treatment. When the report was published at the end of March, the government responded with attempts to intimidate the LTDH.
The attacks continued. On 29 July, the three main organisations within the “Trop c’est Trop” (Enough is Enough) coalition, aimed at defending Chadians against arbitrary acts and human rights violations, announced that they were suspending their cooperation with it. They denounced that the authorities had used certain persons and associations to infiltrate the group. A few hours later, rumours were circulating that the LTDH, UST and SET had been secretly received by the head of state, who had given them large sums of money to leave the coalition. The rumours targeting the three leading civil society organisations were false.
At the end of July, LTDH, UST and SET reiterated their grave concern over the adoption of an anti-terrorism bill that would virtually cancel out the right to strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
and to protest. On 30 July, thanks to their mobilisation and that of the opposition, the law was passed but only after substantial amendment and the removal of its liberticidal provisions

Violent clashes in Bongor and Moundou 18-01-2014

Workers employed with Chinese companies operating oil fields in Bongor and Moundou went on a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
to protest against management’s refusal to recognise unions. On 18 January 2014, violent clashes took place on the site Koudalwa in the area near Bongor. Workers have been struggling since April 2013 to conduct union elections and are demanding better working conditions and the resignation of the management that is not permitting them to unionise. In August 2013, the government ordered the suspension of the activities of the companies for flagrant environmental violations.

Members of Chadian journalists’ union imprisoned06-05-2013

Eric Topona, general secretary of the Union des Journalistes Tchadiens (UJT), was imprisoned on 6 May 2013 and charged with undermining the constitutional order. Moussaye Avenir de la Tchiré, editor-in-chief of the Abba Garde newspaper and treasurer of the UJT, was arrested for “inciting hatred and civil unrest”.

Collective agreements are not respected28-11-2012

The government unilaterally terminated a national minimum wage agreement for the public sector on 28 November 2012. The Government and the UST had signed a Memorandum of Understanding and an agreement on 11 November 2011.

Denial of freedom of expression and imprisonment of unionists18-09-2012

The Union des Syndicats du Tchad (UST) wrote a petition criticising President Idriss Déby for corruption and impoverishing the population. François Djondang, Michel Barka and Younous Mahadjir were charged with defamation. Jean-Claude Nékim was also charged with defamation when he wrote about this incident in the N’Djaména BiHebdo newspaper. On 18 September 2012, the court of first instance condemned François Djondang, Michel Barka and Younous Mahadjir to 18 months imprisonment and a fine of 1.5 million CFA francs (2,290 EUR) for having committed a hate crime. While they plan to appeal this decision, the independence of the court has been put into question as its members were changed by a decree on 17 September 2012.

Social dialogue at a standstill11-11-2011

The two main trade union centres, forming a common front, denounced the government’s total disregard for the demands presented by workers. Among them is the demand for a public sector pay review, which the government had pledged in 2007 to conduct as soon as the financial situation allowed for it. The state’s resources have, in the meantime, tripled, if not quadrupled. On 11 November, after three strikes, the head of state finally agreed to meet with trade union leaders and satisfy some of their demands.

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