4 – Systematic violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Djibouti

The legislative elections of 22 February 2013 gave rise to mass protests against the government of President Ismail Omar Guelleh. The rallies and demonstrations held by the opposition were met with violent repression by security forces, who shot dead at least six people, including five opposition supporters and a school boy.

Many others were imprisoned on charges of “taking part in an illegal demonstration, inciting violence, disturbing the public order” or “participating in an insurrectional movement”. Hundreds of people were condemned to 18 months in prison coupled with the suspension of their civic rights for several years.

In practice

Browse by:

Union accounts have been frozen19-08-2013

The government is a shareholder in many banks and has frozen unions’ accounts and prevented unions from receiving external funds.

Promotion of yellow unions by the government19-08-2013

The government is providing financial resources to yellow unions which are represented in tripartite bodies and at international level.

Workers are excluded from freedom of association19-08-2013

Workers in companies such as Machida Transit and taxi drivers were prevented from establishing a union. Civil personnel in the French army were prevented from joining a union.

Infringements of basic freedoms30-06-2013

The General Secretary of the Union of Djibouti Workers was stopped from traveling to Geneva in June 2012 by the President of Djibouti.

Occupation of trade union office19-08-2013

The office of the Union of Djibouti Workers was occupied for one year by the Youth and Sports Ministry.

Intimidation of trade union leaders19-08-2013

Police are constantly watching the house of the General Secretary of the Union of Djibouti Workers. The General Secretary’s family received frequent threats so they had to move to Ethiopia.

Intervention in strike actions and anti-union discrimination19-08-2013
Harassment and repression immobilise unions31-12-2011

As in previous years, the ILO International Labour Organization A tripartite United Nations (UN) agency established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. The main international body charged with developing and overseeing international labour standards.

See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights
expressed its deep concern at the government’s blatant lack of any real will to address several cases of trade unions rights violations. Trade union representatives and members are subjected to constant harassment by the authorities. The government accuses trade union activists of being enemies of the state, and as a such, they are arrested, imprisoned, transferred or dismissed. Strikes are brutally repressed. Organisations are refused registration or are made so weak that in effect they can no longer operate.

Trade union activities impossible in companies operating in export processing zone31-12-2010

Trade union activities have become impossible in certain companies operating under the export processing zone export processing zone A special industrial area in a country where imported materials are processed before being re-exported. Designed to attract mostly foreign investors by offering incentives such as exemptions from certain trade barriers, taxes, business regulations, and/or labour laws. regulations such as Port Secure Djibouti, Djibouti Container Services or Djibouti Labour Service. The absence of laws governing labour relations in the export processing zone export processing zone A special industrial area in a country where imported materials are processed before being re-exported. Designed to attract mostly foreign investors by offering incentives such as exemptions from certain trade barriers, taxes, business regulations, and/or labour laws. , in the national legislation and in the specific export processing zone export processing zone A special industrial area in a country where imported materials are processed before being re-exported. Designed to attract mostly foreign investors by offering incentives such as exemptions from certain trade barriers, taxes, business regulations, and/or labour laws. code, turns these companies into zones without rights. Workers who wish to remain anonymous, explained that their employers forbid all contact with trade unions and that they do not dare to demand better working conditions as the slightest complaint results in automatic dismissal.

© ITUC-CSI-IGB 2013 | www.ituc-csi.org | Contact Design by Pixeleyes.be - maps: jVectorMap