The ITUC affiliates in Italy are the Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro (CGIL), the Confederazione Italiana Sindacati Lavoratori (CISL), and the Unione Italiana del Lavoro (UIL).
Freedom of association / Right to organise
No information available.
Categories of workers prohibited or limited from forming or joining a union, or from holding a union office
- Armed forces
Right to collective bargaining
Right to strike
In September 2013, the Italian Banking Association (ABI) unilaterally annulled a sectoral collective agreement covering 300,000 workers nine months before its expiry date. In October 2013, workers announced to go on strike
The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.
See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike for the first time in 13 years. Moreover, employers’ associations in the restaurant and catering sector announced withdrawal from the sectoral agreement causing pickets in Rome and Milan in from of the employer associations’ headquarters in October 2013.
In June 2012, a labour court ruled in favour of 145 members of the Federazione Impiegati Operai Metallurgici (FIOM) - Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro (CGIL) who had not been reemployed by FIAT since the company began to reallocate jobs to the factory in Pomigliano. Not a single member of FIOM was among more than 2,000 newly hired employees at the Pomigliano factory. The court ordered FIAT to stop its discriminatory behaviour and in future to provide for 8.9 per cent presence of FIOM members in the workforce. In addition FIAT will have to pay compensation of 3,000 Euros to each of 19 workers who filed the suit.
Since 2009 the government has clamped down on public sector employees, imposing changes to the employees’ working conditions without proper consultation with the unions. In 2009 it froze public salaries for the following four years and also introduced job cuts, cancelling all precarious contracts in public education, in public research and in public administration in general. For the public education sector only this meant a job loss of about 150,000 employees. In 2010 the government also proceeded to extending the retirement age for female public servants from 60 to 65, again without prior consultation with the social partners social partners Unions and employers or their representative organisations. . The government also introduced a new general system to put off the retirement age for one or two years for everyone reaching the legal pension age.