The ITUC affiliates in Turkey are the Devrimci Isçi Sendikalari Konfederasyonu (DISK), Kamu Emekçileri Sendikalari Konfederasyonu (KESK), Türkiye Hak Isçi Sendikalari Konfederasyonu (HAK-IS) and the Türkiye Isçi Sendikalari Konfederasyonu (TÜRK-IS).
Mass protests against the replacement of Taksim Gezi Park with a shopping mall and military barracks were held from 28 May 2013 onwards. Police attempted to break up the protest by using disproportionate violence with tear gas and water cannons leading to about 8,163 injuries and five deaths (Turkish Medical Association). The protests spread to different cities and addressed issues such as the lack of freedom of expression, assembly and association as well as curbs on alcohol.
The Confederation of Public Sector Trade Unions (KESK), the Turkish Doctor’s Union, the Turkish Union of Engineers and Architects and the Confederation of Revolutionary Workers’ Union (DISK) participated in the protests.
The Trade Unions and Collective Agreement Act No. 6356 was adopted in 2012. Unions reported that their objections were not sufficiently taken into consideration in the drafting process.