Somalia - Context Somalia (2013)

The ITUC affiliate in Somalia is the Federation of Somali Trade Unions (FESTU).

The Somali population has been suffering from serious violations of human rights and humanitarian law combined with impunity and lack of accountability for more than 20 years. Judges and journalists have become the target of violence and extrajudicial killings.
The collapse of government institutions and the humanitarian crisis have resulted in massive displacement and migration of Somalis to other countries.
The adoption of the Kampala Accord in June 2011 led to the adoption of a Roadmap to End the Transition in September 2011. The Roadmap identifies security, progress in adoption of the Constitution, national outreach, reconciliation and good governance as priority areas.
A recent report from the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights ((A/HRC/27/71) found that there is no universally coherent and functioning judicial system in the country. Internally displaced persons still lack access to humanitarian assistance and face human rights abuses such as evictions from settlements, rape and sexual violence. According to the report, journalists are harassed, intimidated and killed, and media houses receive threats.
It is impossible for workers to enjoy their rights in a country where governmental institutions have fundamentally failed to hold those who are responsible for systematic violations of human rights and humanitarian law accountable. Respect for the rule of law is essential when it comes to the protection of the rights of workers.

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