4 – Systematic violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Côte d’Ivoire

The ITUC affiliates in Côte d’Ivoire are the Centrale syndicale Humanisme (CHS), the Confédération Ivoirienne des syndicats libres (CISL-DIGNITE), the Fédération des Syndicats Autonomes de Côte d’Ivoire (FESACI) and the Union Générale des Travailleurs de Côte d’Ivoire (UGTCI).

In practice

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Police arrest five teachers during strike30-11-2017

Five workers, members of the MEEPCI (Mouvement des Enseignants et Éducateurs du Privé de Côte d’Ivoire), which represents staff in the private education sector, were arrested by the police on 29 November in Yopougon. According to the president of the Intersyndicale representing private secular education workers, the arrests are the result of the nationwide strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
called on 21 November by the heads of the inter-union organisation. The trade unions are demanding better working and living conditions.
The arrests bizarrely coincided with the opening of the 5th African Union - European Union Summit in Abidjan. The head of the police, contacted by telephone, did not wish to comment on the matter.

Customs officers arrested and one seriously injured 20-10-2017

At least 20 Ivorian customs officers were arrested and another was seriously injured after a 48-hour strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
was launched on 17 October. Strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
notice had been given on 25 September by the customs officers’ trade union Renouveau Syndical des Agents de Douanes de Côte d’Ivoire (RSD-CI), to press for the reform of their mutual health cover, under which they currently have to visit the customs hospital before being able to go to an accredited clinic to receive treatment. The trade union went ahead with the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
after negotiations with the general management had failed. This is not the first incident of this kind. In January 2016, the gendarmerie killed one worker and injured three others during a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
at the SUCAF sugar company.

Students faced with police violence and arrests13-10-2017

The country’s main student union, the FESCI (Fédération des Élèves et Étudiants de Côte d’Ivoire), reported that several people had been seriously injured and over twenty arrested following clashes between the police and students on 13 September. The trade union and the government both refuse to accept responsibility. According to the trade union, the police fired real bullets, beat demonstrators with batons and used tear gas to disperse students who were staging a peaceful march in Cocody in protest at the rise in matriculation fees. The Ministry of the Interior and Security, meanwhile, claims that the students attacked the police. The national education minister, for his part, said that he did not recognise the trade union organisation and announced that legal proceedings had been initiated against Fulgence Assi, the general secretary of the FESCI.
Some days later, on 18 September, marches organised by the FESCI were once again violently repressed by the national police, which dispersed the students with tear gas and water cannon, made arrests and issued a wanted notice for two individuals accused of public disorder. The police also used force against and unlawfully detained journalists covering the event and confiscated their work equipment. In a statement published on 20 September, the trade union gave the government 48 hours to start negotiations.

Freedom of association flouted01-08-2017

Unionised workers at Libya Oil, Petroci and Klenzi are confronted with restrictions, reduced benefits, job insecurity, harassment and threats of dismissal. In July, for example, the management at the fuel distribution company Klenzi, which refused to recognise and meet with the union representatives, openly harassed and threatened to dismiss workers who continued to be members of the trade union. The national union of oil company workers SYNTEPCI wrote to the Labour Ministry to ask how it intended to deal with these threats, which constitute a blatant violation of the workers’ right to freedom of association freedom of association The right to form and join the trade union of one’s choosing as well as the right of unions to operate freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
.

Striking public employees detained and placed under house arrest30-04-2017

In April, during the second day of the public service employees’ strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
organised by the Coordination des Syndicats de la Fonction Publique (COSYFOP), several altercations took place and arrests were made. In Divo, four trade unionists were detained and taken to the police station. In Yamoussoukro, the local union local union A local branch of a higher-level trade union such as a national union. coordinator, Yao Boni, was placed under house arrest, and in Bouaflé, the president of the school establishments management committee, COGES, burst into a secondary school and threatened the strikers with a firearm.

Trade unions’ freedom of assembly violated01-04-2017

The national platform of public sector trade unions, Plateforme Nationale des Syndicats du Public, denounced a blatant violation of trade union rights, in March, following the administration’s last-minute refusal to provide it with a room for an extraordinary general meeting at the University of Cocody, where the platform usually holds its general meetings. Following a three-week strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in January, public workers’ unions had suspended their action for a month, to “give negotiations a chance” with the government. The refusal to allow the general meeting prevented the trade unions from deciding whether or not to reinitiate strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
action, following the submission of a memorandum by the Public Service minister regarding a “social truce”. It was therefore postponed and extended to the whole country. Some days later, discussions with the government were resumed and a five-year social truce was finally signed in August.

Police repression, 24 Trade Ministry employees arrested27-07-2015

On 27 July 2015, in Abidjan, police officers forcibly dispersed a gathering of 200 strikers from the Trade Ministry. They fired teargas and arrested 24 public servants, including four women. The spokesperson for the Syndicat National des Agents du Ministère du Commerce de Côte d’Ivoire (SYNAMIC-CI) explained that the protest had been peaceful until that point, and that the participants had just begun making their way to the National Blood Transfusion Centre, to bring a civic gesture to their action. The strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
, initially meant to last for two days, was extended until 15 September, when the government pledged to restore the dialogue with the union and to take every action to lift the sanctions taken against the strikers.

Right to strike violated in education and forestry sectors, dozens of trade unionists transferred01-02-2015

After two legal strikes, in February and May 2015, by the Coalition Nationale des Agents Techniques des Eaux et Forêts (CNATEF), the government reacted by transferring around twenty trade union representatives, initiating disciplinary procedures against strikers and suspending the pay of trade union leaders. Following the intervention of the International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers’ Associations (IUF), and protests held by its affiliates, all the sanctions were lifted and a negotiating mechanism was set up.

At the start of the new school year, in September, around 30 teachers, all trade union representatives, received notice of transfer from the Ministry of National Education and Technical Education. Their trade union organisations subsequently learnt that the authorities had taken this measure to punish the leaders of the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
, which had brought the education sector to a standstill in March and April 2015. The activists were transferred far away from their homes. The trade unions have since been relentless in their call for the overturning of this arbitrary decision, which violates the right to strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
.

Anti-union discrimination:01-11-2014

There is an enormous amount of cases of anti-union discrimination anti-union discrimination Any practice that disadvantages a worker or a group of workers on grounds of their past, current or prospective trade union membership, their legitimate trade union activities, or their use of trade union services. Can constitute dismissal, transfer, demotion, harassment and the like.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework

. For example, in November 2014, members of the Syndicat Libre des Agents du Port Autonome d’Abidjan conducted their congress under serious pressure. The management of the port threatened workers participating in the congress or having contact with the national centre with dismissal.

Occupation of union offices:19-06-2015

The head office of FESACI has been occupied by armed forces since June 2011. The government has failed to respond to multiple complaints made by the union.

Arrest:19-06-2015

Jean Pierre Tchotche is a union representative at the company Aggreko in Côte d’Ivoire. He was arrested by police in January 2015 when management alleged that he had been sending complaints about low wages to the company’s headquarters in Europe. The company also dismissed him based on this allegation.

State refuses to recognise union leadership04-08-2014

The state has been refusing to recognise the leadership structure of the FESACI since 2012, even in spite of the Extraordinary Congress held in September 2013. The government is favouring the dissident group, which it is supporting and manipulating. The Employment Minister refuses to meet with the legitimate leaders of the federation.
The government has excluded the FESACI from all the tripartite structures on which trade union centres sit: the General Mutual Fund of Public Servants and Employees of Côte d’Ivoire (MUGEF-CI) in April 2012, the National Social Security Fund (CNPS) in June 2013, the National Labour Council (CNT) in July 2013, the Labour Advisory Council (CCT) in July 2013 and the Occupational Training Development Fund (FDFP) in February 2014. The government has deliberately chosen to meet solely with the organisations controlled and manipulated by the state.

FESACI headquarters occupied04-08-2014

The headquarters of the FESACI have been occupied by the armed auxiliaries of the FRCI (Republican Forces of Côte d’Ivoire) since June 2011, preventing the trade union’s access to them. It is still being occupied despite the many complaints and approaches made to the authorities.

Public authorities fail to remit union dues to teachers unions18-05-2014

Moreover, public authorities fail to remit union dues to the Syndicat autonome de l’enseignement primaire public de Côte d’Ivoire (SAEPPCI), the Syndicat libre des enseignants du secondaire général (SYLEG), and to the affiliates of ISEF (Intersyndical du Secteur Education-Formation) despite a valid collective agreement.

FESACI leaders questioned by police18-05-2014

Marcel Ette, FESACI former Secretary General, Boka Atte, President of the Congress Organizational Committee and Felix Kouame, the newly elected FESACI Secretary General, were questioned by police for four hours on 29 October 2013 regarding the union elections.

FESACI reports more than thirty cases of arrests of union members18-05-2014

FESACI reports more than thirty cases of arrests of union members. On 4 February 2013, during the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
, 12 teachers have been arrested among them: LIDA Jean-François, SIE ESSIAGNE Simon, KOUASSI KANGAH C. Teachers were claiming better working conditions. From 4 March to 6 March 2014, civil servants at the Ministère de la Construction went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
. It was organised by FESACI along with other unions, to demand higher wages. Police intervened in the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
and arrested 21 workers who were detained at the police station and released when the union stepped in.

Disciplinary measures were taken by the Ministry against these leaders. The union leader Basile Mahan Gahe was arrested in April 2011 for legitimate strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
action was detained and tortured and died as a result in September 2013.

Judicial processes do not lead to redress in cases of dismissals of trade unionists18-05-2014

The Fédération des Syndicats Autonomes de Côte d’Ivoire (FESACI) reports lengthy judicial processes in various cases often not leading to effective redress against unfair dismissal of union members or leaders. In particular, following a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
at of Methodist Teachers, organised by the SYNESEM (Syndicat des Enseignants du Secondaire Méthodiste) in November 2003, the General Secretary of SYNESEM, Jean-Claude Rabet, and three other leaders were dismissed. The case has been referred to the Supreme Court and is still pending, leaving these teachers in the unknown.

Legal proceedings30-04-2012

In 2011, the syndicat national des enseignants du second degré de Côte d’Ivoire (SYNESCI) finally succeeded in recovering its headquarters at Yopougon Nouveau Quartier. The trade union headquarters have been occupied by armed men since 2006. The SYNESCI was able to organise its 22nd Congress in Yamoussokro in April 2012.

Arrest of teachers on strike08-04-2013

Six teachers involved in strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
action, members of the Intersyndicale du Secteur Education-Formation (ISEF), were arrested in Yopougon and Cocody. They were accused of disturbing the public order and taken to the police station for questioning.

Trade unionist abducted in Abidjan16-09-2012

Mousso David, information and mobilisation secretary of the dockworkers’ union “Collectif National des Dockers Transit” (CNDD), was abducted by men in military fatigues in Abidjan. He was found injured the following day, deep in the Banco forest

Refusal to bargain in good faith31-01-2013

In January 2013, public sector workers filed a collective strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
notice when the minister for the public sector and administrative reform refused to bargain in good faith. The workers are demanding a wage increase and the payment of allowance arrears that have been held back for more than 20 years. They are also asking for an improvement in family allowances, housing benefits and transport allowances.

Imprisonment of trade unionist09-03-2013

Basile Mahan Gahé was freed from prison in December 2012 after 18 months in detention in Boundiali. Gahé is the General Secretary of the national trade union centre trade union centre A central organisation at the national, regional or district level consisting of affiliated trade unions. Often denotes a national federation or confederation. Dignité. He resumed his trade union duties on 9 March 2013.

Union divisions encouraged, representativeness undermined 31-12-2010

With no objective criteria set down in the labour code, there are no guarantees for the recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. of representative trade unions. This lack of precision has enabled both public and private employers to refuse to negotiate, while discrediting trade unions or repressing their activities. The socio-political chaos has weakened the trade union movement, and dissent has been encouraged in several public sector unions.

Public sector agreements ignored30-11-2009

The health and education sectors and the civil service were frequently paralysed by strikes over the failure to meet promises on pay, statutes and legal advantages. Repeated strikes by education workers resulted each time in commitments by the government or the President of the Republic. However, the agreements were never implemented and the strikers were punished (see “Violations 2009”).

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