5 – No guarantee of rights

Mexico

The ITUC affiliates in Mexico are the Consejo Nacional de los Trabajadores (CNT) and the Unión Nacional de Trabajadores (UNT).

In practice

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Trade union leader Napoleón Gómez Urrutia still in exile 30-03-2018

Napoleón Gómez Urrutia, head of the mining and metal workers’ union Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos y Similares de la República Méxicana (SNTMMSRM) was still living in exile in Canada at the time this report was drafted in 2018. According to the SNTMMSRM, Mexico’s mining corporations and the Vicente Fox and Felipe Calderón governments have all colluded in the persecution of the union leader, levelling threats and bringing criminal charges against him. As Gómez Urrutia himself stated, after the courts ruled in his favour in each of the eleven proceedings against him: “All the charges were concocted and fell apart one after the other in the courts; my persecutors have nothing left to hang on to; their mask has fallen.”
The trade union also denounced that the strategy, launched in 2005, to destroy the organisation, by attacking it with false accusations, and to impose new leaders serving corporate interests was designed by business leaders Germán Larrea, head of Grupo México, and its director Xavier García de Quevedo; brothers Julio, Sergio and Pablo Villarreal Guajardo, of Grupo Villacero; Alberto Bailleres, of Grupo Peñoles, and its director, Jaime Lomelín; Alonso Ancira Elizondo, of Grupo Acerero del Norte, together with Fox government officials from the Ministries of the Interior, Economy and Labour. Napoleón Gómez Urrutia was forced into exile after calling for Germán Larrea and Grupo México to be held to account for industrial homicide, following the disaster at the Pasta de Conchos mine. His appeal gave way to a series of threats, intimidating phone calls, emails and even messages left on the car windscreen of one of his sons.

Police brutality against protesting university staff affiliated to SUTUNICH09-02-2018

State repression was deployed to end a stoppage being staged by the fulltime teaching and administrative staff affiliated to the Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de la UNICH (SUTUNICH) at the University in San Cristóbal de las Casas to demand respect for their collective agreement. Over a hundred heavily armed officers from the municipal, state and special police forces stormed the Universidad Intercultural de Chiapas (UNICH) on 9 February 2017, at 16.30, with supposed “eviction orders” (that were never presented), using teargas and violence to dislodge the workers.

Over 130 unionised workers were the victims of these attacks instigated by the rector, Ballardo Molina Hernández, and the government liaison officer, Karen Anahí Ballinas Hernández. The staff were protesting at the failure to comply with draft agreements signed since 2014, and, above all, the non-compliance with the bilateral signature of the academic staff contracts presented in December 2017, corresponding to the January-June semester of 2018.

“Employer protection” regime erodes trade union autonomy and labour rights 30-03-2017

According to the Unión Nacional de Trabajadores (UNT), during 2017 and 2018, employers and the state continued to promote “yellow or protection unions” and the “Employer Protection Collective Agreement Regime”, with a view to circumventing democratic and independent trade unions that represent the interests of the workers within public or private sector companies, organisations or institutions. This strategy, which is common practice, constitutes a violation of labour rights, given that it leads to the formation of “phantom unions” backed by the state and employers, without independent trade union elections; it is a scheme claiming to protect workers’ rights but, in fact, protects the interests of the employers and so-called union leaders negotiating the agreements.

Absence of social dialogue in drafting of labour legislation24-02-2017

According to the Unión Nacional de Trabajadores (UNT), both the Secretary of Labour and Social Security and the head of the Federal Executive refused to engage in genuine social dialogue social dialogue Discussion and co-operation between the social partners on matters of common interest, such as economic and social policy. Involves participation by the state where tripartism is practice. with the workers and independent unions in the process of drafting the constitutional reform of the labour justice system, passed on 24 February 2017. This all-important reform has been the marked by secrecy, opacity and the absence of public debate on the implementation of the secondary laws drawn up to give effect to the constitutional mandate.

National Autonomous University of Mexico controls trade union dues31-12-2017

During 2017, despite academic staff having given their express consent, the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México automatically prioritised the payment of trade union dues to one organisation, refusing to allow the payment of double union fees in the case of workers affiliated to both STUNAM and AAPAUNAM, and automatically cancelling the deduction corresponding to the STUNAM.

Obstacles to collective bargaining in precarious sectors and public sector31-12-2017

The Unión Nacional de Trabajadores (UNT) reported that collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
was practically impossible for rural and domestic workers during 2017. The union pointed out that organising organising The process of forming or joining a trade union, or inducing other workers to form or join one. to fight for their rights to be recognised and respected is prevented by fear, given the threats, pressure, disappearances, violence and other forms of intimidation sapping the workers’ morale. Public sector workers also saw their right to collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
undermined by the interpretation being given to the first clause of Article 87 of the Federal Law concerning Workers in the Service of the State, regulating Section B of Article 123 of the Constitution.

Anti-union dismissals at La Jornada newspaper 18-08-2017

Judith Calderón Gómez and Leonardo Mondragón Román, general secretary and organising organising The process of forming or joining a trade union, or inducing other workers to form or join one. secretary of the workers’ union at La Jornada, SITRAJOR (Sindicato de Trabajadores de La Jornada), were dismissed from the newspaper on 18 August 2017. The employer also took legal action against them within the framework of a dispute over the collective agreement at the daily (owned by Desarrollo de Medios SA de CV – DEMOS). According to the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), the company had tried, during June and July 2017, to flout a number of the rights established in a collective agreement that had been in force for decades.

Trade unionists at Torex Gold Resources murdered 18-11-2017

On 18 November 2017, brothers Víctor and Marcelino Sahuanitla Peña were killed in an attack by an armed gang hired by the Confederación de Trabajadores Mexicanos (CTM). The brothers were employed by Minera Media Luna, in the state of Guerrero, a wholly owned subsidiary of Torex Gold Resources. The killing took place as the miners entered day 17 of a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
staged by around 600 miners who were refusing to join the CTM, which they considered to be defending the interests of the company rather than the workers. The workers chose to join the national miners’ and metalworkers’ union SNTMMSRM (Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos y Similares de la República Mexicana), affiliated to IndustriALL Global Union.

Promotion of anti-union legislative reforms 20-12-2017

In December 2017, two senators, known for being pseudo-trade union leaders, presented two labour reform initiatives, described as anti-union, to the Mexican Senate. The senators are Tereso Medina Ramírez of the Confederación de Trabajadores de México (CTM) and Isaías González of the Confederación Revolucionaria de Obreros y Campesinos. These two trade union organisations and their leaders have been accused of defending the interests of companies rather than workers. According to IndustriALL Global Union, the reform proposals seek to prevent explicit recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. of the fundamental right to freedom of association freedom of association The right to form and join the trade union of one’s choosing as well as the right of unions to operate freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
.

Anti-union dismissals at Avellard Rejna01-02-2016

In January 2016, the Avellard Rejna (ex Liggett) company dismissed 14 workers. A few days earlier they had annoumced they would stand as candidates for the metalworkers’ union (Unión Obrera Metalúrgica - UOM) in the trade union elections. The company, which was not facing any economic, financial or production problems, abruptly decided to dismiss those encouraging trade union membership.

Protection contracts at Ford prevent freedom of association12-02-2016

On 12 May 2016, Section 15 of the CTM-affiliated National Car Industry Workers’ Union (Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Industria Automotriz) filed a collective agreement for the Ford assembly plant in San Luis Potosí with the Federal Labour Ministry. Ford had announced it was investing USD 1,600 million to construct the plant on 5 April 2016, which is why at the time of signing the contract (one month earlier) construction had not even begun and no production workers had yet been hired. This protection contract between Ford and the CTM prevents workers, once hired, from freely choosing who should represent them in collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
. The company hopes that the plant will be in operation by 2018 and will generate 2,600 direct jobs.

Strike banned at Michoacana University20-02-2016

On 29 February 2016 the Michoacana University Professors Union (SPUM) called a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
to protest at violations of their collective agreement. The Michoacana Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and Arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
Board ordered that the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
take place with “open doors so that it does not prevent administrative activities or non-union professors coming in”, contrary to Article 4 of the Federal Labour Law, and imposing a policy of strikebreaking, undermining the right to strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
and the resolution of internal disputes.

Strike banned at the Food and Development Research Centre 29-02-2016

The Authentic Workers’ Union of the Food and Development Research Centre (SIATCIAD) called a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
over the revision of their collective agreement. The principal grievance was the employer’s failure to register employees in the social security system. It is a public body, which is why it is scandalous that it has not complied with its responsibility as an employer and towards the state to register its workers in the social security system. On 29 February 2016 the union confirmed to the local Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and Arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
Board (JFCA) that it would strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
. Forty minutes later the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
was ruled inadmissible and the JFCA shelved the case. The union went ahead with the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in the hope that the federal judicial authorities would protect their right to strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
, facing the risk of being violently removed by the employer.

Strike banned at Arcelor Mittal 04-03-2016

On 4 March 2016 the national mine and metal workers’ union Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos, Siderúrgicos y Similares de la República Mexicana (SNTMMSSRM) confirmed to the Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and Arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
Board (JFCA) that it would call a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
at Arcelor Mittal, at the company’s plant in Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán, to protest at unfair dismissals and violations of the collective agreement. One hour before the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
was due to begin, it was declared inadmissible by the JFCA, which illegally alleged that the start of the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
had been postponed several times, and archived the case. The Department of Labour and Social Welfare declared that it was a stoppage not a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
, which meant that the workers continued to face the imminent risk of violent removal.

Anti freedom of association protection contracts renewed at BMW16-03-2016

On 16 March 2016 the protection contract signed on 1 July 2014 between the CTM-affiliated car industry and allied workers’ union, Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Industria Automotriz, Similares y Conexos de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (SNTIASCEUM) and the German car maker BMW (CC-1693/14-XII-SLP) was renewed. Construction of the new BMW plant began in 2014 and it was decided from the outset the trade union which the workers would belong to and which would represent them in collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
. The “model contracts” that are part of the system of protection contracts only provide for the minimum wage guaranteed by law and give the employer the discretion to decide every aspect of working conditions. Production at the new plant will begin in 2019.

Strike banned at Nissan Mexicana 01-04-2016

On 1 April 2016, a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
began at the Nissan plant in Cuernavaca, Morelos, called by the Independent Mexican Nissan Workers’ Union. The strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
ended on 3 April. The chairman of the Federal Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and Arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
Board (JFCA), Jorge Alberto Zorrila, ruled that it was a technical stoppage that had been agreed with the employers’ representative, not a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
.

Failure to respect outcome of democratic decision in face of protection contracts at the Hercules Mine owned by Altos Hornos de México 14-04-2016

On 14 April 2016, the mine and metal workers’ union the Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos, Siderúrgicos y Similares de la República Mexicana (SNTMMSSRM) won the union elections at the Hercules mine, owned by Altos Hornos de México, SA (AHMSA). It won by 585 votes to 375 against the National Democratic Mineworkers’ Union (Sindicato Nacional Democrático de Trabajadores Mineros - SNDTMMSC). The Federal Labour Board certified the results and sent a notary to notify the SNDTMMSC that it should hand over the trade union office and books to the SNTMMSSRM. The notary was intimidated by armed men, however, and was unable to present the letter of notification.

The SNDTMMSC has refused to move out of the union office and the employer continues to work with it as the employees’ representative, defying the ruling of the Labour Board. The works have complained of threats and intimidation, but the Labour Board has not taken any action to ensure that its instructions are carried out.

Persecution of ATM union leaders at Mexico City Electric Transport Service01-06-2016

During the first few months of 2016, the public company Electric Transport Service of Mexico City (STEDF) carried out a systematic persecution campaign against the leaders of the Mexican Tramworkers’ Alliance (Alianza de Tranviarios de México - ATM).The General Secretary of the ATM, Benito Bahena y Lome, who is also on the Executive Board of the International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF), denounced the violations of the trolley bus and light railway workers’ rights as well as the lack of investment in these services, which has contributed to rising pollution levels in the city.

The STEDF prevented union leaders from accessing company premises and suspended their pay. The company also used a group of workers and former trade union leaders – some of them armed – to take over the ATM executive board meeting and verbally and physically abuse the union’s representatives.

Persecution surrounding democratic trade union elections at the Meseta Central Services and Development Company SA de CV05-06-2016

On 20 April 2016 workers at the Meseta Central Service and Development Company SA de CV, which supplies staff, as a sub-contractor, to the Boleo Mining and Metals company, itself controlled by Korea Resources Corporation (KORES), went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
to demand the withdrawal of the local leader of the national exploration and mining union the Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Exploración, Explotación y Beneficio de Minas en la República Mexicana (SNTEEBMRM) which had signed a protection contract with the company in 2007, preventing the organisation of free trade union elections.

On 23 April over 500 workers took part in an assembly at which they affiliated to the national mine and metal workers’ union the Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos, Siderúrgicos y Similares de la República Mexicana (SNTMMSSRM). This union submitted a request to the Federal Labour Board to be their official collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
representative. On 5 May, the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
was disrupted by a large police contingent, despite the fact that the labour authorities had agreed to hold an election soon to allow the workers to vote on which union they wanted to represent them. On 20 May a meeting was held at the Federal Labour Board, but the Board subsequently refused to set a date for the election.

On 5 June the company dismissed 130 SNTMMSSRM supporters and on 9 June the representative of the Federal Labour Department in Baja California Sur, José Ernesto Álvarez Gámez, visited the mine to persuade the dismissed workers to accept severance pay. Seventy eight workers nonetheless submitted a legal request for reinstatement, but the Federal Labour Board failed to take any action.

Anti-union dismissals at PKC Arneses y Accesorios and at Teksid 12-08-2016

On 12 August 2016, Mexico’s mine and metal workers’ union, the Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos, Siderúrgicos y Similares de la República Mexicana (SNTMMSSRM), known as Los Mineros, held a peaceful demonstration to demand the reinstatement of 500 workers dismissed from the PKC Arneses y Accesorios plant in Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila, and 100 dismissed from Teksid. The two companies had dismissed workers who supported the union’s campaign to win the forthcoming election to represent workers in collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
. Both PKC Arneses y Accesorios and Teksid are notorious for their anti-union practices against workers who wish to be represented by a democratic trade union. Both companies have resorted to threats, suspensions and dismissals to intimidate and punish those who express their support for Los Mineros.

Korean Mining company tries to incite worker violence20-05-2016

The Korean owners and/or managers of El Boleo Mine in Baja California Sur attempted to pit miners against each other in order to bring in the police and dislodge miners engaged in a work stoppage. The company handed picks and crowbars to a group of workers and told them to attack those engaged in the work stoppage, with the goal of justifying a police intervention.

The mine has “unjustifiably fired some 200 workers” to keep them from affiliating with the SNTMMRM. A group of miners protested at the Korean embassy, telling the Korean government’s representatives that El Boleo mine was violating labor rights protected in the Mexican Constitution and in labor law. They said the company had not only violated the law, by attempting to provoke violence among the miners, but refused to allow them to elect their union representatives and failed to protect the miners’ health and safety. They accused the mine’s manager, Eduardo Linares G. of “sexual harassment” of the miners. The manager required all miner’s to sign a blank sheet of paper upon hiring, giving management the ability to present false statements signed by the miners.

Teachers’ strike violently repressed22-06-2016

Six people were killed and 50 injured in clashes between federal police officers and members of the Section 22 branch of the Coordinadora Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación (CNTE), in Nochixtlán, north of Oaxaca City. The clashes broke out in the early hours of Sunday 19 June 2016, when members of the Federal Police embarked on the violent removal of a blockade set up by teachers.

Teachers, parents and civilians, confronted with arms, gunshots and teargas, used stones, sticks, barricades and burning vehicles to stop the advance of the federal forces. At the same time, protestors blocked traffic heading towards Etla and the motorway linking the capital of Oaxaca with the states of Puebla, Veracruz and Mexico City.

The violence intensified by midday, when the police began shooting civilians, leaving six dead. Those killed were aged between 19 and 33 and were identified as: Anselmo Cruz Aquino, Jesús Cadena Sánchez Meza, Alvin Jiménez Santiago, Óscar Nicolás Santiago, Omar González Santiago and Andrés Aguilar Zanabria.

Anti-union persecution at UTN21-01-2016

Unionised workers at the Technology University of Nezahualcóyotl (UTN) reported attacks, intimidation and labour rights violations at the hands of the rector, Noé Molina Rusiles, who, following his defeat in the electoral race for the municipal presidency, in June 2015, stepped up the repression against anyone speaking out and denouncing his administration’s abuses.

The employees at the university have, since August 2015, been denouncing Noé Molina’s mismanagement of the university, including his neglect of the educational infrastructure. In August 2015, during the election process for trade union representation, the rector of the university devised, promoted and financed an electoral list to have representation working in his interest. His intention was obvious, given that the person proposed for the position of general secretary was the university’s legal representative.

The members of the SUTAUTN Executive Committee, in particular, faced continual harassment, including physical and verbal assaults as well as unfair dismissals. On 10 December 2015, the rector of the UTN physically and verbally assaulted the union’s general secretary María Guadalupe Lucio Hernández. The assault was reported to the Public Prosecutor’s Office.

On 17 and 18 December 2016 and 7 January 2016, the general secretary, organising organising The process of forming or joining a trade union, or inducing other workers to form or join one. secretary and social security secretary of the SUTAUTN were denied access to the UTN by security guards acting on instructions from the rector.

The trade union accused the rector of ordering a raid on the union’s offices. On 14 January, in response to this abuse of power, the SUTAUTN organised a public activity to inform and denounce the abuses they were suffering. The demonstration was interrupted by an armed group who charged at the members of the SUTAUTN Executive, threatening them on behalf of the rector and labelling them as agitators.

On 21 January 2016, the workers staged a protest outside the UTN. During the demonstration, as well as calling for Noé Molina’s resignation and a report on the management of the university’s resources, they demanded the reinstatement of 10 teachers unfairly dismissed by the rector. Three of the teachers dismissed had won an appeal lodged with the Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and Arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
Board, whereby the rector was ordered to reinstate those affected to their posts.

Los Mineros threatened and assaulted after winning labour court case 03-03-2016

In 2007, Javier Canales, Ramón Juárez and Noel Méndez were unfairly dismissed by mining company Fresnillo PLC. The workers took legal action, finally won the case and in February 2016 the labour court ordered they should be reinstated. The trade union’s lawyer, Óscar Alzaga, reported that on reaching Fresnillo PLC to be reinstated, the three workers were hit, insulted and threatened by around a hundred employees at the mining company.

Fresnillo PLC is the world’s largest producer of primary silver and is owned by Alberto Bailleres González, who was awarded the Belisario Dominguez medal by the Mexican Senate in November 2015.

According to the lawyer, the assault was organized by David Navarro and Gustavo Barrios, on the instructions of the leader of the pro-company union company union Can be used to describe either an enterprise union or a yellow union. , Sindicato Minero Metalúrgico Frente, Carlos Pavón Campos, who follows the company directors’ orders.

Anti-union stance taken by Federal Conciliation and Arbitration Board 01-03-2016

On 1 March 2016, the Federal Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and Arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
Board (JFCA), in line with its objective to make strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
action by independent trade unions illegal, declared the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
notice presented by the Sindicato Autónomo de Trabajadores del Centro de Investigación de la Alimentación y Desarrollo (SIATCIAD) to be inadmissible and closed its case, just 40 minutes after the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
was launched.

Mexican workers strike against Arcelor Mittal 04-03-2016

IndustriALL Global Union affiliate, Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos y Similares (Sntmmsrm), also known as ‘Los Mineros’, has launched a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
against Arcelor Mittal at its steel plant in Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán in western Mexico.
IndustriALL extends its total support to some 3,500 workers who began the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
on 4 March 2016 in response to dismissals and violations of their collective agreement by the company.
The workers scheduled the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
to begin at midday on 4 March. However, one hour before midday, the Federal Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and Arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
Board (JFCA) informed them it had ruled the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
to be inadmissible. This opened up the possibility that the JFCA might declare the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
to be null and void.
The workers organized a march along the city’s main street to the offices of Arcelor Mittal to denounce more than 300 unfair dismissals since 2015 and violations of the collective agreement.

Violent police attack on teachers 11-12-2015

The National Gendarmerie and the Mexican army violently attacked education workers, trainee teachers and citizens taking part in a protest held in the municipality of Ocozocoautla, Chiapas, on 8 December 2015, against the punitive assessment of teachers in Chiapas. David Gemayel Ruiz Estudillo, a member of Section 40 of the Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación (SNTE), was killed in the attack, during which various activists were injured and arrested.

CommScope sacks workers for forming a union29-10-2015

On 23 October 2015, a group of workers from the maquila company CommScope, in Ciudad Juárez, set up a camp in protest at unfair dismissals. According to the workers, the company threatened to fire a group of 195 employees unless they signed a document stating that they renounced the union’s formation. The 170 women who refused to sign the document were dismissed on 19 October.

Protection contracts29-10-2015

During 2014 and 2015, ‘Protection Contracts’ (CCPP) continued to be widespread, especially in the strongest economic sectors such as mining, metal and steel, automobile and auto parts manufacturing; the state took no measures to address the situation. Protection contracts continued to be passed off as agreements signed with a union, yet the workers have no knowledge of them, leaving them unaware of any rights they may have or have lost. The ILO International Labour Organization A tripartite United Nations (UN) agency established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. The main international body charged with developing and overseeing international labour standards.

See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights
Committee on Freedom of Association freedom of association The right to form and join the trade union of one’s choosing as well as the right of unions to operate freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
has called on the state to take effective measures to eliminate this practice, which dates back over 33 years.

Trade unionists killed and attacked30-11-2014

On 15 November 2014, the general secretary of the Vanguardia Obrera affiliated to the Confederación Revolucionaria de Obreros y Campesinos (CROC), Jorge Zarco Reyes, was shot dead whilst in a restaurant in Tierra Blanca, in the state of Veracruz. Since his arrival in Veracruz, Jorge Zarco had been an activist and promoter of intense struggles to defend trade union and labour rights.

On 25 February 2014, teacher Claudio Castillo Peña died as a result of blows delivered by the federal police during a protest organised by the teachers’ union Coordinadora Estatal de Trabajadores de la Educación de Guerrero (CETEG). The teachers were demanding the payment of wage arrears and better working conditions.
In addition, four teachers were raped, there were 12 disappearances, and at least 100 trade unionists were arrested.

Steel company dismisses striking workers25-06-2014
InBev violates workers´ rights in Mexico02-05-2014

Thirty three workers continue to insist on reinstatement to their former jobs and their rights fully restored. These 33 workers who have been fighting for justice since 2008 won reinstatement at Industria Vidriera del Potosí (a subsidiary of Grupo Modelo-AB InBev) as a result of the ruling of the Conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and Arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
Board at the beginning of April 2014.

On 26 January 2008, Vidriera sacked 220 workers including the entire executive committee of the IndustriALL-affiliated glass workers’ union (SUTEIVP). They did so following the negotiated agreement of a 19% wage increase by this independent union independent union A trade union that is not affiliated to a national union. Can also be a union that is not dominated by an employer.

See yellow union

.

Workers currently face huge hardship as a result of the company’s actions including “company blacklisting” and complicit local labour authorities making it practically impossible for dismissed workers and their families to find work locally and in other regions of Mexico.

Teksid workers ambushed and beaten up23-04-2014

Workers at Teksid Hierro in Monclova, Ciudad Frontera, Coahuila, Mexico, part of the Fiat Chrysler Group, are fighting back against abusive reprisals for organizing. Three workers, Marisol Ruiz Moreno, Orlando Mendoza Guardiola and Oscar Arturo Rodríguez Ponce, were sacked on 18 April and 11 more were savagely and cowardly assaulted by 80-100 hired thugs, while coming out of a meeting with management and labour authorities on 21 April 2014.

Peasant leaders assassinated in Guerrero13-12-2013

Two peasant leaders, Juan Lucena Ríos and José Luis Sotelo Martínez, from the community of Paraíso, a town of 6,000, were assassinated on November 16 in downtown Atoyac de Álvarez in the Costa Grande region of Guerrero as they were leading a protest by coffee workers. This came a day after they had announced that they were creating a community policing organisation in the town.

Union busting action by Operadora Gasoil13-12-2013
Abuses at PKC Mexico30-06-2013

An independent investigation of the Finnish auto parts company PKC in Mexico released in June 2013 found that PKC imposed a company union company union Can be used to describe either an enterprise union or a yellow union. without the knowledge of its workers, harassed and threatened workers who attempted to join the independent Mexican Mine and Metalworkers’ union, manipulated an election to defeat the Mineworkers, and fired independent union independent union A trade union that is not affiliated to a national union. Can also be a union that is not dominated by an employer.

See yellow union

supporters.

Reprisals and Dismissals at Honda Mexico07-05-2013

On 7 May 2013, Honda Mexico breached a workplace agreement and dismissed five workers in a complicit campaign by the company and local protection union, SETEAMI, to intimidate the workforce. All of them were members of the committee that negotiated a settlement after 90 per cent of the workers showed their dissatisfaction with the company’s refusal to share its profits in a work-stoppage on 16-18 April.

Refusal to consult unions and anti-union discrimination31-01-2013

The case of the Sindicato Mexicano de Electricistas (SME) workers is still unresolved. In 2009, the Fuerza y Luz company was closed down arbitrarily and without consultation. This is considered as an open attack on one of the most important unions in Mexico. The SME has fought to get those workers reinstated ever since. In January 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that there was no obligation to re-employ the dismissed workers.

Obstacles to collective bargaining19-08-2013

90 per cent of collective agreements are signed by protection-contract unions established by employers and corrupt organisations with the aim of preventing bargaining in good faith.

One of the most serious violations occurred with the telecommunications company Atento Servicios concerning a contractual entitlement trial filed by the Sindicato de Telefonistas de la República Mexicana in order to invalidate the protection contracts. The trial was reportedly rigged.

Refusal to recognise unions19-08-2013

Governmental agencies such as the Federal Electoral Institute and other public bodies systematically refuse to recognise unions.

Poor labour inspection and lack of social cover31-12-2011

The labour authorities do not fulfil their obligations in terms of workplace labour inspections. The most vulnerable workers include women and children, many of whom work in the informal economy, with no rights.

According to local conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
and arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
boards, the principal complaints against enterprises are about the failure to register workers with the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), excessively long working hours, the non-payment of overtime, transfers to workplaces in remote locations, the docking of wages and no recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. of the right to organise.

Employers and government systematically violate trade union rights31-12-2011

Numerous independent trade unions suffered violent attacks, intimidation and the repression of trade union rights during 2010, such as the mine, metal and allied workers’ union Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos y Similares de la República Méxicana (SNTMMSRM), the electricians’ union Sindicato Mexicano de Electricistas (SME), the union representing professional and technical workers at the state oil company PEMEX, the Unión Nacional de Técnicos y Profesionistas Petroleros (UNTyPP), the tire workers’ union Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de General Tire de México (SNTGTM), the union representing university staff at the UACM, the Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de la Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México (SUTUACM), the telephone workers’ union Sindicato de Telefonistas de la República Mexicana (STRM), the Frente Auténtico del Trabajo (FAT) and as many as 30 other organisations affiliated to the Unión Nacional de Trabajadores (UNT).

Employers, backed by the government, relentlessly devise and perfect mechanisms to suppress trade union rights. The aim of these widespread violations is to stop workers from organising organising The process of forming or joining a trade union, or inducing other workers to form or join one. and to crush or weaken their unions. The result is the proliferation of “protection contracts”, repression, threats, and the hiring of thugs to attack organised workers.

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