3 – Regular violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index


The ITUC affiliates in Nepal are the All Nepal Federation of Trade Unions (ANTUF), the General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions (GEFONT) and the Nepal Trade Union Congress (NTUC).

In practice

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Union officials arrested for protesting job losses16-09-2019

Union leaders from the Nepal Press Union (NPU) and the Federation of Nepali Journalists (FNJ) were among nine journalists arrested on 16 September 2019 as they protested against job losses in Kathmandu.
Journalists were protesting against the sacking of three journalists from Radio Nepal in Doti in August. Radio Nepal is the government-owned radio. The three journalists were sacked without any prior notice or administrative work.
NPU and FNJ were demanding during the protests the reinstatement of the journalists. At 2 p.m., nine union leaders, including  Ajaya Babu Shiwakoti, NPU general secretary; Ram Prasad Dhahal, FNJ secretary; Janmadev Jaishi, Yam Birahi, Min Bam - FNJ Central Committee; Dilip Paudel - NPU Central Committee; Chakra Kuwar, NPU Doti branch vice president; Yogendra Balayar, FNJ Doti Branch president; and Prakash Bam, NPU Doti branch president, were arrested. They were detained for three hours and released at 5 p.m.

Workers’ arrested at Global Hydropower Associate29-01-2019

On 29 January 2019, the management at Global Hydropower Associate called in the police to intimidate workers who were holding a meeting to form a trade union at the workplace. The Construction and Allied Workers’ Union of Nepal (CAWUN), a BWI affiliate, called for the immediate release of the workers taken into police custody, urgent medical assistance for the workers injured and the immediate resumption of work at the plant.

Demonstration brutally repressed by the police22-07-2018

Dozens were injured by the police during a demonstration joined by several thousand people in support of a doctor who had been on hunger strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
for almost a month to press for reforms in the health and education sectors. The police reportedly fired multiple rounds of teargas and used batons as the demonstrators approached the parliament in Kathmandu.

Two teachers injured during protest22-05-2017

Two teachers from Tribhuvan University were injured during scuffles with police on 22 May 2017. Narendra Bhandari, the general secretary of the Nepal Part-Time Teachers’ Association (NPTTA), and Mandira Sayami, a zoology teacher at the Trichandra Campus, were among a group of 175 protesting teachers who had tried to enter a restricted area near the Prime Minister’s residence.
It was the fourth day of a protest staged to press home their demand for the implementation of an agreement signed between the government, the university and the union which should have ensured that part-time teachers were hired on monthly contracts rather than on a daily basis. The agreement had been signed eight years earlier, yet neither the government nor Tribhuvan University had taken any initiatives to address the demands of more than 1,200 part-time teachers, said the NPTTA. They were paid less and taxed more than permanent teachers.
The NPTTA reported that Narendra Bhandari was seriously injured when police used force to prevent the protestors entering the prohibited zone.

Police injure protesting health workers25-01-2017

Five health workers were injured on 25 January 2017 when police lathi-charged them during a demonstration outside the Parsa District Public Health Office (DPHO) in Birgunj. The health assistants were protesting at the DPHO’s refusal to implement the government’s decision to promote health assistants above a certain grade to the post of chief of health posts. They had been demonstrating for 25 days.

A meeting had been held in presence of Mohammad Daud, director at the Primary Health Care Revitalisation Division under the Department of Health Services, and the DPHO Chief Raj Kishor Pandit had assured the protestors their demands would be addressed that day. However, the police went ahead with what was described as a brutal attack on the protestors, leaving five of them requiring hospital treatment.

Legal action threatened against striking engineers20-12-2016

Engineers and technicians working on the reconstruction of homes in earthquake-hit districts of Nepal went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
at the end December after the government refused to address their demands relating to pay and the poor working conditions they faced in the remote districts they had to work in. Rather than negotiate, the government threatened them with legal action if they did not return to work.

Unilever ignores agreement and imposes lockout07-08-2016
Weak collective bargaining31-12-2010
Trade unions set up joint platform despite tensions 30-11-2009

Despite attacks on their members at the hands of the Maoist All Nepal Federation of Trade Unions (ANFTU), the democratic trade unions, including the Nepal Trade Union Congress – Independent (NTUC-I) and General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions (GEFONT) decided to hold talks with them in order to reach a consensus on progressive reform of labour legislation. An inter-union Coordination Council was set up, a joint platform of the representatives of seven trade unions, one of whose key tasks is to reduce acts of violence.

Ratification of Convention 87 on the horizon?30-11-2008
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