5+ – No guarantee of rights due to breakdown of the rule of law
The ITUC Global Rights Index

South Sudan

Since December 2013, South Sudan has witnessed intermittent civil war and widespread communal and localised violence. Brutal conflict has led to widespread insecurity and deteriorated food security. Thousands of civilians have been killed, while nearly four million people were driven from their homes. While many remain displaced inside the country, more than two million have fled to neighbouring countries in a desperate bid to reach safety.
In 2018, a peace deal was signed and in February 2020, a transitional government of national unity was created. However, while violence reduced in most of the country, some armed groups persisted with sporadic fighting and related abuses in parts of Central Equatoria, putting civilians at risk of injury and death.
There were reports of constant violation of the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association by security forces. The rights to freedom of opinion and expression continued to be severely curtailed.

The ITUC does not have an affiliate in South Sudan.

South Sudan ratified Convention No. 98 on the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
in 2012 but has not ratified Convention No. 87 on Freedom of Association freedom of association The right to form and join the trade union of one’s choosing as well as the right of unions to operate freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
and Protection of the Right to Organise (1948).

In practice

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University of Bahr el Ghazal refuses to negotiate with unions30-03-2017

On 27 March 2017, workers of the University of Bahr el Ghazal joined a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
action organised by the University trade union to protest against annulment of transport allowance that had been unilaterally decided by the University’s management in December 2016. In reaction, the management refused to engage with workers and stated that the annulment was ordered by directive from the undersecretary from the Ministry of Higher Education, since other universities were not granting their workers a transport allowance. The University’s management refused to consider the matter and directed workers to address the Ministry instead.

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