5+ – No guarantee of rights due to breakdown of the rule of law
The ITUC Global Rights Index


The armed conflict in Yemen has resulted in the largest humanitarian crisis in the world; parties to the conflict have killed and injured thousands of Yemeni civilians. According to the UN Group of Eminent International and Regional Experts on Yemen, “the situation in Yemen has reached a ‘surreal and absurd’ dimension. The continuation of violations underlines the complete lack of respect for international law and human life being displayed by parties to the conflict. For civilians in Yemen, there is simply no safe place to escape the ravages of the war.” It is estimated that more than 24.3 million people (80 per cent of the population) are in need of humanitarian assistance.
It is impossible for workers to enjoy their rights in a country where governmental institutions have fundamentally failed to hold those who are responsible for systematic violations of human rights and humanitarian law accountable. Respect for the rule of law is essential when it comes to the protection of the rights of workers.

The ITUC affiliate in Yemen is the General Federation of Worker’s Trade Unions of Yemen (GFWTUY).

Yemen ratified Convention No. 87 on Freedom of Association freedom of association The right to form and join the trade union of one’s choosing as well as the right of unions to operate freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
and Protection of the Right to Organise (1948) in 1976 and Convention No. 98 on the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
(1949) in 1969.

In practice

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Employer resistance to organising and bargaining30-11-2009

Many private sector employers do not allow their workers to organise. In both the public and private sector, many trade unions are not allowed to negotiate collective agreements. Strikes do occur however. For example, following negotiations with the Yemeni Journalists Syndicate, an affiliate of the International Journalists Federation (IFJ), in early 2009, the government agreed to a pay rise and improved contracts for 2010. The agreement came after a partial strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
of journalists working in four media groups who had observed a work stoppage of one hour per day for one week.

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