Serbia - Lack of access to judicial remedy

Access to judicial protection for labour rights violations is restricted by the High Court and legal fees imposed by the Act on Court Fees and the Law on the Bar Tariff (in combination with the lack of opportunities for workers to be represented by a representative other than a lawyer, such as a trade union representative). Court proceedings, especially on labour issues, are excessively long. First instance proceedings take on average four years, but in many cases the length exceeds eight years. Exhaustion of remedies at all instances takes on average around seven years. NEZAVISNOST has appealed to the Government to establish separate labour courts and procedures in order to speed up access to justice without success. In addition, there are many concerns relating to the lack judicial independence.

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