Indonesia

The ITUC affiliates in Indonesia are the Confederation of Indonesian Trade Unions (CITU) (KSPI/CITU) and the Konfederasi Serikat Buruh Sejahtera Indonesia (KSBSI).

In practice

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Workers employed at Ibis Tamarin in Jakarta established a union in August 2012 and subsequently requested recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. and collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
negotiations.

In July and November 2013, the union made demands to management concerning unpaid overtime, unfair distribution of service charges and the conversion of contract workers’ jobs to permanent positions. The company responded with discriminatory tactics towards union members. Contract workers were told their contracts would not be renewed because of their union membership on 26 and 28 November.

In December, workers in the housekeeping department were told to resign from the union. Two union members were coerced to sign false statements stating they were forced to join the union and regretted this. The union president remains unjustly suspended from work.

The Confederation of Indonesian Trade Unions (KSPI/CITU) reported violence by paramilitary organisations against workers participating in the peaceful strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
to demand an increase in the minimum wage, implementation of social security and against precarious work at industrial areas including UIP, Delta Silicon and Hyundai in Cikarang, Bekasi, West Java on 31 October 2013.

An investigation team from ITUC-AP came to the Bekasi Industrial area on 4 November 2013 to gather information about the police officers in Bekasi District who were deployed around the site during the national strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
but did not take any measures to stop the attack, letting the acts of violence continue. Twenty-eight workers (seventeen are KSPI/CITU members) were injured by the thugs armed with machetes, knives and iron rods, and seventeen workers were severely injured and admitted to the hospital. The team visited the hospital where three workers remain in a critical condition as a result of the physical attack.

In November 2012, management of the paper company PT Kertas Leces in Probolinggo terminated the contract of Djody Soegiharto, coordinator of the department of organising organising The process of forming or joining a trade union, or inducing other workers to form or join one. and recruitment at the Federation of Indonesian Pulp and Paper (FSP2KI). In February 2012, management accused him of defamation when he displayed banners at the factory premises demanding the payment of pending salaries and benefits.

In March 2013, security workers at PT. Tanjungenim Lestari Pulp and Paper (PT TEL) went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
when PT. Tangkas decided to outsource operations of PT TEL in violation of a valid collective agreement.

Workers protesting in front of a factory were attacked by a group of unknown persons. When the company security guards did not react, Eddy Irawadi, a union leader, ordered the closure of the production line in order to avoid further attacks. The employer filed a complaint against the union because of the work stoppage.

Mr. Suprapto, one of the leaders of the Konfederasi Serikat Pekerja Indonesia (KSPI) at plant level, was stopped from holding a speech when the police intervened and used rubber bullets against workers who were demonstrating against outsourcing outsourcing See contracting-out and low wages. Mr. Suprapto, Mr. Yoni Mulyono, and Mr. Gagan Setiawan were hospitalised as a result of the attack.

Workers secured better conditions in terms of wage increases and recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. of their unions in different sectors during the year. On May 14, the International Metalworkers’ Federation (IMF) affiliate, Federation of Indonesian Metalworkers Union (FSPMI), won a major court battle involving the bankruptcy filing of PT Kymco Lippo Motor Indonesia. The Special Regional Court ruled that the company’s moveable and immoveable assets, including land and buildings, be auctioned off to pay wages owed to the workers.

In the garment sector, after a three-year campaign, the Indonesian garment factory PT Mulia Knitting Factory signed an agreement with SBGTS union affiliated with the Gabungan Serikat Buruh Indonesia (GSBI - Federation of Indonesian Trade Unions) in May. The agreement recognises SBGTS as the representative of their members at PT Mulia and provides compensation for five former employees who were dismissed in 2007 as a result of their union membership.

And in January, the International Union of Food (IUF) affiliate, Kirin Miwon Foods Workers Union (SPKMF), requested to start negotiations with Kirin Miwon Foods (Kirin). Kirin initially refused to negotiate with SPKMF and refused to provide SPKMF with information relevant to the bargaining process. However, in late May SPKMF successfully concluded negotiations with substantial increases in wages and benefits.

On 23 December, Indonesian Prosperous Labour Union (KSBSI) Chairman Rekson Silaban said outsourcing outsourcing See contracting-out and the contract system had sharply reduced the number of permanent workers in the country from 67% of the total formal labour workforce in 2005 to only 35% this year, citing reports from the World Bank and the ILO International Labour Organization A tripartite United Nations (UN) agency established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. The main international body charged with developing and overseeing international labour standards.

See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights
. Rekson said outsourcing outsourcing See contracting-out would continue to hamper industrial relations industrial relations The individual and collective relations and dealings between workers and employers at the workplace, as well as the institutional interaction between unions, employers and also the government.

See social dialogue
if no legal solutions were made to address the problem. On 1 February, 500 contract workers from PT Jakarta International Container Terminal (JICT) staged a protest before the main gate of Tanjung Priok Port, North Jakarta, to demand permanent employee status. “We have been working at the firm’s main division for 15 to 20 years, but we have yet to be made permanent employees”, said Sutimanto, Chairman of the JICT contract worker association. The labour law bans a company from using contract workers at its main division, Sutimanto added. Contract workers earn IDR 1.3 million (USD 140) a month, 10% of the wages earned by a permanent worker.

Since the procedures for mediating a labour dispute labour dispute See industrial dispute are both excessively cumbersome and time consuming, they are often ignored by union leaders. Hence the government declares most strikes as illegal job actions, which results in mass dismissals of union officials and workers as well as the arrest and imprisonment of union leaders. Strikes have also been entirely prohibited in the public sector, in essential services essential services Services the interruption of which would endanger the life, personal safety or health of the whole or part of the population. Can include the hospital sector, electricity and water supply services, and air traffic control. Strikes can be restricted or even prohibited in essential services.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
, and at enterprises that serve the public interest.

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