Chad

The ITUC affiliates in Chad are the Confédération Libre des Travailleurs du Tchad (CLTT) and the Union des Syndicats du Tchad (UST).

In practice

Freedom of association / Right to organise

Others restrictions:

Denial of freedom of expression and imprisonment of unionists
18-09-2012

The Union des Syndicats du Tchad (UST) wrote a petition criticising President Idriss Déby for corruption and impoverishing the population. François Djondang, Michel Barka and Younous Mahadjir were charged with defamation. Jean-Claude Nékim was also charged with defamation when he wrote about this incident in the N’Djaména BiHebdo newspaper. On 18 September 2012, the court of first instance condemned François Djondang, Michel Barka and Younous Mahadjir to 18 months imprisonment and a fine of 1.5 million CFA francs (2,290 EUR) for having committed a hate crime. While they plan to appeal this decision, the independence of the court has been put into question as its members were changed by a decree on 17 September 2012.

Right to collective bargaining

Restrictions on the scope of application and legal effectiveness of concluded collective agreements:

Collective agreements are not respected
28-11-2012

The government unilaterally terminated a national minimum wage agreement for the public sector on 28 November 2012. The Government and the UST had signed a Memorandum of Understanding and an agreement on 11 November 2011.

Other limitations:

Social dialogue at a standstill
11-11-2011

The two main trade union centres, forming a common front, denounced the government’s total disregard for the demands presented by workers. Among them is the demand for a public sector pay review, which the government had pledged in 2007 to conduct as soon as the financial situation allowed for it. The state’s resources have, in the meantime, tripled, if not quadrupled. On 11 November, after three strikes, the head of state finally agreed to meet with trade union leaders and satisfy some of their demands.

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