Massive attacks on journalists marred the weeks leading up to the presidential elections of 23 July, when President Bakiyev was re-elected amidst many problems and irregularities in a vote that was sharply criticised by observers. Serious violations of the rights of migrant workers and refugees were reported by the International Federation for Human Rights. Gender discrimination, including violence against women, remains a major concern.
Freedom of association / Right to organise
No information available.
Right to collective bargaining
Right to strike
Limitations or ban on strikes in certain sectors
- Undue restrictions for “public servants”
- Under section 78(3) of the Labour Code, strikes are prohibited in rail transport, public transport, civil aviation, communication services and enterprises that work around the clock, the stoppage of which would have hazardous consequences.
- Discretionary determination or excessively long list of “essential services
Services the interruption of which would endanger the life, personal safety or health of the whole or part of the population. Can include the hospital sector, electricity and water supply services, and air traffic control. Strikes can be restricted or even prohibited in essential services.
See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
” in which the right to strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.
See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike is prohibited or severely restricted
- Section 78(4) of the Labour Code provides that workers, following mediation and conciliation procedures provided for in the Code, may request the Government of Kyrgyzstan to defend their legitimate rights and interests. The ILO has requested the government to ensure that collective disputes are settled by an independent body enjoying the confidence of the parties concerned and not by the government.
Some employers impede the work of trade unions by refusing to let union representatives enter companies in which their members are employed. In companies facing severe economic difficulties, management often threatens bankruptcy as a means of deterring trade union activity. Collective agreements are not always respected. Labour inspection labour inspection An authority responsible for ensuring compliance with labour laws and legal provisions relating to protection of workers through the inspection of workplaces. is largely ineffective, and possible fines for trade union rights violations are merely token sums that do not promote compliance.