3 – Regular violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index


The ITUC affiliates in Nepal are the All Nepal Federation of Trade Unions (ANTUF), the General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions (GEFONT) and the Nepal Trade Union Congress Independent (NTUC-I).

In practice

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Court restrictions trade union activities to collective bargaining only10-04-2015

On Friday 10 April 2015 the Supreme Court of Nepal barred trade unions from being involved in political activities, and ruled that trade unions would have to limit their activities to collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement

The court’s ruling on the role and activities of trade unions was a response to a petition filed by advocate Arjun Kumar Aryal on 8 April 2015, demanding that all trade unions affiliated to political parties be declared illegal and a single authoritative trade union be formed. Aryal had claimed that political activities by trade unions had tarnished the image of government offices.

Nepal’s Interim Constitution of 2007 allows civil servants and industry-based workers to form trade unions to protect their collective rights. The 1993 Civil Service Act also allows civil servants to form trade unions.

Violent police attack injures picketing workers22-04-2014

On 22 April 2014, the Nepal Police used force to suppress a peaceful picket by street vendors. Sixty three workers including the president of the Nepal Street Vendors Union (NEST), Kumar Sapkota, and its general secretary, Maya Gurung, were injured.

Weak collective bargaining31-12-2010
Ratification of Convention 87 on the horizon?30-11-2008
Trade unions set up joint platform despite tensions 30-11-2009

Despite attacks on their members at the hands of the Maoist All Nepal Federation of Trade Unions (ANFTU), the democratic trade unions, including the Nepal Trade Union Congress – Independent (NTUC-I) and General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions (GEFONT) decided to hold talks with them in order to reach a consensus on progressive reform of labour legislation. An inter-union Coordination Council was set up, a joint platform of the representatives of seven trade unions, one of whose key tasks is to reduce acts of violence.

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