3 – Regular violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Nepal

The ITUC affiliates in Nepal are the All Nepal Federation of Trade Unions (ANTUF), the General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions (GEFONT) and the Nepal Trade Union Congress Independent (NTUC-I).

In practice

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Unilever ignores agreement and imposes lockout07-08-2016
Police injure protesting health workers25-01-2017

Five health workers were injured on 25 January 2017 when police lathi-charged them during a demonstration outside the Parsa District Public Health Office (DPHO) in Birgunj. The health assistants were protesting at the DPHO’s refusal to implement the government’s decision to promote health assistants above a certain grade to the post of chief of health posts. They had been demonstrating for 25 days.

A meeting had been held in presence of Mohammad Daud, director at the Primary Health Care Revitalisation Division under the Department of Health Services, and the DPHO Chief Raj Kishor Pandit had assured the protestors their demands would be addressed that day. However, the police went ahead with what was described as a brutal attack on the protestors, leaving five of them requiring hospital treatment.

Legal action threatened against striking engineers20-12-2016

Engineers and technicians working on the reconstruction of homes in earthquake-hit districts of Nepal went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
at the end December after the government refused to address their demands relating to pay and the poor working conditions they faced in the remote districts they had to work in. Rather than negotiate, the government threatened them with legal action if they did not return to work.

Court restrictions trade union activities to collective bargaining only10-04-2015

On Friday 10 April 2015 the Supreme Court of Nepal barred trade unions from being involved in political activities, and ruled that trade unions would have to limit their activities to collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
.

The court’s ruling on the role and activities of trade unions was a response to a petition filed by advocate Arjun Kumar Aryal on 8 April 2015, demanding that all trade unions affiliated to political parties be declared illegal and a single authoritative trade union be formed. Aryal had claimed that political activities by trade unions had tarnished the image of government offices.

Nepal’s Interim Constitution of 2007 allows civil servants and industry-based workers to form trade unions to protect their collective rights. The 1993 Civil Service Act also allows civil servants to form trade unions.

Violent police attack injures picketing workers22-04-2014

On 22 April 2014, the Nepal Police used force to suppress a peaceful picket by street vendors. Sixty three workers including the president of the Nepal Street Vendors Union (NEST), Kumar Sapkota, and its general secretary, Maya Gurung, were injured.

Weak collective bargaining31-12-2010
Ratification of Convention 87 on the horizon?30-11-2008
Trade unions set up joint platform despite tensions 30-11-2009

Despite attacks on their members at the hands of the Maoist All Nepal Federation of Trade Unions (ANFTU), the democratic trade unions, including the Nepal Trade Union Congress – Independent (NTUC-I) and General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions (GEFONT) decided to hold talks with them in order to reach a consensus on progressive reform of labour legislation. An inter-union Coordination Council was set up, a joint platform of the representatives of seven trade unions, one of whose key tasks is to reduce acts of violence.

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