The ITUC does not have an affiliate in Equatorial Guinea.
Freedom of association / Right to organise
The law does not specifically protect workers from anti-union discrimination.
Barriers to the establishment of organisations:
- Excessive representativity or minimum number of members required for the establishment of a union
- According to the 1992 law on trade unions, a union must have at least 50 members from the same workplace and the same geographical area in order to register, which effectively blocks union organising.
Restrictions on workers' right to form and join organisations of their own choosing:
- Single trade union system imposed by law and/or a system banning or limiting organising at a certain level (enterprise, industry and/or sector, regional and/or territorial, national)
Right to strike
Limitations or ban on strikes in certain sectors:
- Undue restrictions for "public servants"
- Discretionary determination or excessively long list of "essential services" in which the right to strike is prohibited or severely restricted
The authorities do not recognise trade unions. In 2004, the government told the ILO that "there were no trade unions in the country as there is no tradition of trade unionism”. The Workers’ Union of Equatorial Guinea (UST), the Independent Service Union (SIS), the Teachers’ Trade Union Association (ASD) and the Rural Workers’ Organisation (OTC) have all tried to win recognition, but the authorities have refused. Delegations are no longer sent to the International Labour Conference and in 2011 the ILO again had to remind the government it had failed to submit the reports due that year. It urged the government to bring its legislation into line with core ILO standards and to resume constructive dialogue with the ILO.