Attempted Murders: none reported
Threats: none reported
Injuries: none reported
Arrests: none reported
Imprisonments: none reported
Dismissals: none reported
An estimated one-quarter of the country’s population is now believed to reside in a vast shantytown on the outskirts of the capital, Ulan Bator, living in the traditional round felt tents (gers). Most ger district residents have limited access to electricity and no running water, sewage or central heating. Many suffer from limited education, few transferable job skills, no official documents and high unemployment.
Accelerated development in Mongolia over recent years along with a rapid increase in foreign investment has led to improved infrastructure and the growth in large mineral and power plants. However, trade unions are facing increased pressure from privatisation as the government and employers are attempting to create a more “flexible” labour market. Despite the fact that Mongolia has ratified all the eight core labour conventions, it continues to face problems, notably discrimination against women in employment.
Public concern has been growing over the lack of visible benefits for the public from major mining deals, with conflicts and confrontations increasing dramatically in the last few years. On 3 January the Mongolian government announced a tripartite memorandum with trade unions and the employers’ union to solve conflicts, complaints and matters regarding mining.
Despite legislation against trafficking and forced labour, Mongolia remains a source country for trafficking, primarily of women, mostly to China and Asian countries. Local NGOs have also reported an increase in internal sex trafficking and forced prostitution.
Draft legislation on combating trafficking in persons was debated in 2011. The aim of the proposed stand-alone law is to prevent trafficking and protect victims through improved rehabilitation and reintegration assistance and compensation. The draft law was approved by MPs on 28 October. Around 200,000 Chinese are estimated to be working in Mongolia. A decision to employ 6,949 workers from China in the Oyu Toloi mine in May prompted calls for a labour inspection labour inspection An authority responsible for ensuring compliance with labour laws and legal provisions relating to protection of workers through the inspection of workplaces. by the Mongolian Labour Union.