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Kosovo

The ITUC affiliate in Kosovo is the Bashkimi I Sindikatave të Pavarura të Kosovës (BSPK).

In practice

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Trade union leader arrested20-04-2012

Hasan Abazi, President of the SPMK Industrial Union industrial union A union whose membership is composed of workers in a particular industry, regardless of their profession or skill level.

See company union
, was arrested on 28 March 2012 in Southern Serbia while travelling to Zagreb to attend a meeting of three European trade union federations. He was held illegally in police custody for more than two days, without a warrant for his arrest and without access to a lawyer. Mr Abazi spent more than 50 hours in illegal detention before being brought before the Trial Chamber of the High Court in Vranje, which subsequently ruled that he be held in custody for a further 30 days. After 28 days in imprisonment, he was released on 20 April 2012 on bail of € 20,000.

Private sector non-unionised31-12-2011

In spite of the Labour Law, which came into force on 1 January 2011, and the Law on Union Organisation adopted in July 2011, the private sector remains almost completely non-unionised. Weak law enforcement and the lack of effective protection by the courts mean that workers continue to be threatened with dismissals or other forms of anti-union discrimination anti-union discrimination Any practice that disadvantages a worker or a group of workers on grounds of their past, current or prospective trade union membership, their legitimate trade union activities, or their use of trade union services. Can constitute dismissal, transfer, demotion, harassment and the like.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework

if they join a union. Violations of workers’ rights have increased in recent years, after the privatisation of state-owned companies began. Around 30% of all employees are employed in the informal economy, without any guarantee of even the most fundamental workers’ rights.

Anti-union employers30-12-2010

Due to the non-existence of a Labour Law before November 2010, employers have had vast freedoms to threaten workers with dismissals or other forms of anti-union measures if they join a union, resulting in an almost complete lack of unionisation in the private sector. Only a small number of companies respect rules prohibiting anti-union discrimination anti-union discrimination Any practice that disadvantages a worker or a group of workers on grounds of their past, current or prospective trade union membership, their legitimate trade union activities, or their use of trade union services. Can constitute dismissal, transfer, demotion, harassment and the like.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework

. A large number of violations of workers rights, including physical assaults, continues to occur in all sectors including in international organisations, although the situation is most severe in the private sector.

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