3 – Regular violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Moldova

The ITUC affiliate in Moldova is the Confederatia Nationala a Sindicatelor din Moldova (CNSM).

The Confederatia Nationala a Sindicatelor Moldova expressed concern over the proposal to amend the Labour Code and the Trade Union Law submitted to Parliament by the American Chamber of Commerce, the National Confederation of Moldovan Employers and the European Business Association in March 2013. The amendments refer to termination of employment and guarantees granted to trade union members and elected trade union leaders and claim to promote a favourable investment climate. The union reminded competent authorities of the provisions of the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy which stipulates that “when the host country governments offer special stimulants for attraction of foreign investors, these stimulants cannot include any restriction on free association of employees or the right of organisation and collective negotiation”.

In practice

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Charges against trade unionists28-02-2013

In February 2013, the court ruled that the action of blocking factory gates to ensure that sugar was not removed was not directed against Goldeni sugar factory but at protecting workers’ rights. Union Chair Vasilii Guleac, Vice Chair Valentina Semeniuc and Anatolie Furtuna, Fiodor Svoevolin and Victor Colibaba had been charged with offences that could have led to prison sentences of between 3 and 8 years.

In practice31-10-2011

The creation of new unions remains a problem due to the employers’ resistance. Collective agreements are mainly signed at enterprises having a long history of collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
. Legislative enforcement remains weak. Neither labour inspectorates nor prosecutors’ offices have been effective in monitoring and enforcing labour standards, especially the right to organise.

Issues in the ILO complaint still unresolved30-11-2009

In 2004, repeated and systematic interference by the public authorities led a number of Moldovan trade unions, supported by the ICFTU (predecessor of the ITUC), the IUF and PSI to lodge a formal complaint to the ILO International Labour Organization A tripartite United Nations (UN) agency established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. The main international body charged with developing and overseeing international labour standards.

See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights
Committee on Freedom of Association freedom of association The right to form and join the trade union of one’s choosing as well as the right of unions to operate freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
(CFA). In June, after having examined the case a number of times, the CFA noted with regret that the government had still failed to address the issues mentioned in the complaint. The alleged acts of interference by the government and employers in trade unions’ internal affairs had not been investigated and the legislation had not been amended. In addition, a new case concerning the refusal to register a trade union in 2007-2008 had not been properly addressed.

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