4 – Systematic violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Mali

The ITUC affiliates in Mali are the Confédération Syndicale des Travailleurs du Mali (CSTM) and the Union Nationale des Travailleurs du Mali (UNTM).

In practice

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Harassment of two union leaders 31-12-2015

Two trade union leaders, Dr Loseni Bengali, a member of the Syndicat National de la Santé, de l’Action Sociale et de la Promotion de la Femme (SNS-AS-PF, affiliated to the UNTM) and general secretary of the branch union at the Gabriel Touré hospital, and Youssouf Fofana, former general secretary of the Syndicat de la Police Nationale (SNP, affiliated to the CSTM), were targeted by their employers throughout 2015. Dr Bengali had been transferred in 2013, arbitrarily, according to his union, which staged several strikes during the year to press for his reappointment to his former post. Fofana, who was unfairly suspended in 2013 on account of his trade union activities, was the object of unrelenting harassment. He was finally dismissed

Former strikers still awaiting justice in mining sector 31-10-2015

The Malian justice system’s excessive slowness in dealing with cases involving trade union rights violations, some dating back several years, contributed to poisoning relations between trade union organisations and the authorities, which, evoking the separation of powers, shirk all responsibility, repeatedly responding that the judicial proceedings must follow their course. The mining sector is the worst affected. The trade unions once again denounced mining companies, recruitment agencies, the National Directorate of Geology and Mines and the Chamber of Mines for the failure to reinstate unfairly dismissed workers, many of whom are trade union activists, and for the non-payment of monies owed to them.
In some cases, verdicts have been pronounced but the employers refuse to implement the court decisions, with total impunity. In 1999, Analabs-Morila, for example, had been ordered to pay a wage increase but still has not done so. Nor has it respected the agreement on overtime signed between workers’ representatives and the company.
The trade union rights violations at the LTA-Mali mining company, where workers have been on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
since 2011, have already been documented by the ITUC. The authorities in Kayes had validated the dismissal of 27 trade unionists on grounds of their abusive exercise of the right to strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
and clear resolve to damage the company. The support provided to the strikers by the Fédération Nationale des Mines and de l’Energie (FENAME) failed to prevent the dismissal of 30 additional strikers. On 25 October 2015, the 57 workers still awaiting justice launched a sit-in in the courtyard of the Confédération Syndicale des Travailleurs du Mali (CSTM). The sit-in was still underway at the end of the year.
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Hotel staff dismissed for going on strike to protest at management’s failure to engage in collective bargaining:19-06-2015

The staff union at the Laïco El Farouk hotel spent years trying to negotiate a set of basic demands with the management. To simplify matters they reduced their demands to five key points, medical visits, filling empty posts through internal promotions, bonuses for night work, a permanent contract for one of their colleagues, and new rules of procedure. The assistant general manager claimed he could not do anything because he had “no power”. The general manager had returned home to Tunisia during the events of 2012 and had not been replaced. The hotel management did however decide it had the power to impose new rules of procedure, applying the initial draft as a definitive text, without consulting the staff union, and ignoring all its requests for changes to the draft. Finally the union lost patience and called a three day strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
from 18 to 20 February 2015. The hotel retaliated by not renewing fixed term contracts.

Minister tries to avoid collective bargaining with miners’ union:19-06-2015

Contract workers in the mining industry also went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
, on 3 and 4 November 2014, over the government’s attitude to collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
. Many of the workers in the sector are hired as contract labour, and were seeking better social protection. Their demands also included the payment of salary arrears, as they had not been paid for five months by the time of the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
. In April the trade union committee for mining and industry (SECNAMI) sent a list of demands to the Minister for Mines, Boubou Cissé, but instead of meeting them himself he sent his head of cabinet, said the union’s General Secrtary,
Cheich Tidiani Fofana. Three months later, the workers had not been paid, no solution had been found, and although the Minister did finally meet with the union he said he could not do anything, he would have to write to the Finance Ministry for financial support. By November the workers’ demands had still not been met, and they decided to call the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
. According to Mr. Fofana the Finance Minister, Mrs. Bouaré Fily Sissoko, threatened to cut the contract workers’ salaries by 50% and if the situation persisted to sack them and replace them by other workers.

Government tries to avoid collective bargaining with national centre:19-06-2015

The national workers’ union of Mali, the UNTM, called a general strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
on 21 August 2014 over its frustration that the government was not taking negotiations seriously. The union had tabled its demands in May, yet had to wait until August to sit down at the negotiating table. After four days, agreement was reached on some of their demands, but not on five key demands such as the level of the minimum wage and income tax. The strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
was so widely followed in both Bamako and around the country that it was extended for a second day. The strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
did have the effect of forcing the government back to the negotiating table and they eventually reached an agreement at the end of October.

Trade union discrimination24-09-2014

The Confédération Syndicale des Travailleurs du Mali (CSTM) reports that Mamadou Dionè, a security worker at the airport, was abducted by police in March 2014 for participating in a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
. The CSTM has filed a complaint. The office of the police union in Bamako was attacked by the authorities in 2013. The General Secretary of the police union, Youssouf Fofana, was illegally dismissed from his position and other members of the elected leadership faced sanctions for their union activities in 2014. The security company Securicom first tried to prevent a general meeting of workers at the company and then organised a parallel general meeting with workers selected by management. The company refuses to recognise the union committee that is affiliated to the CSTM. In 2013, Moussa Dabo, General Secretary of the mining union, and more than 700 members of the union were dismissed by the companies LTA Mali and Semos for participating in a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
. The court found that the dismissals were illegal and ordered the company to pay compensation. However, the companies have refused to comply with the judgment for several months.

Anti-union practices18-05-2014

The Confédération Syndicale des Travailleurs du Mali (CSTM) reports that Youssouf FOFANA, Interim Secretary General of the National Police Union has been threatened and suspended for his membership to Confédération Syndicale Des Travailleurs Du Mali (CSTM) in 2013 and 2014. Members of the CSTM committee were transferred to other positions because of their union activism. Security company (Securicom) not only prevented the union to hold a general meeting but also refused to recognise the CSTM for bargaining purposes (February-March 2014).

Mining companies responded to strikes regarding salaries and working conditions over the years 2012 and 2013 with unjustified mass dismissal of workers. About 700 workers employed at LTA Mali SA and SEMOS SA were dismissed during strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
action and replaced with other workers.

Five hundred workers dismissed at Loulo and Sadiola07-09-2012

The national federation of mine and energy workers Fédération Nationale des Travailleurs des Mines et de l’Énergie (FENAME) provided the relevant authorities with notice of a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
for better working conditions and the pay increases usually applied in the mining sector. The strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
was suspended following negotiations with the Mines Department, which instructed each management team to open internal negotiations on the respective points of disagreement. No negotiations were, however, opened. The workers therefore proceeded to take strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
action. Following the strikes, measures were taken to dismiss and suspend the contracts of hundreds of unionised employees, targeting members of the Confédération Syndicale des Travailleurs du Mali (CSTM) in particular.

No effective protection against anti-union discrimination31-12-2010
Government promises much, does little30-11-2009

Despite the government’s promises, the trade unions have complained of the lack of social dialogue social dialogue Discussion and co-operation between the social partners on matters of common interest, such as economic and social policy. Involves participation by the state where tripartism is practice. or at the very least discrimination against them. Similarly, promises to deal with violations of the right to strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in 2009 or earlier amounted to nothing. Many workers who took part in protest action have still not won their case, be it in the private sector (see the articles about Morilla and Huicoma in the violations section) or the public sector. The National Health and Social Action Workers’ Union (SNS-AS) called a 48-hour strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
on 21 and 22 July further to the Health Minister’s refusal to respond to their demands. The SNS-AS reported that it had been threatened by the authorities. The union’s demands included the reinstatement of activists who had been transferred or dismissed for going on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in the past. By the end of the year, there had been no significant progress for the SNS-AS.

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