Attempted Murders: none reported
Threats: none reported
Injuries: none reported
Arrests: none reported
Imprisonments: none reported
Dismissals: none reported
The 2000 Labour Code essentially denies trade union freedoms. Furthermore, the new Trade Union Act adopted in 2010 maintains a system of trade union monopoly at the federation level where all workers’ organisations must conduct their activities under the umbrella of the Sudan Workers Trade Union Federation. The authorities may refuse to register any trade union if there is an established organization which already serves the same objectives.
Additionally, the law still regulates most aspects of the trade unions’ activities, including elections, their organisational structure. The unions’ funds are controlled by auditors appointed by the Public Registrar. Workers from the Prison Service, Judges, and legal advisers of a number of departments in the public administration are not allowed to join or form trade unions.
The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.
See collective bargaining agreement
is thwarted by the fact that salaries are set by a tripartite committee comprising members of the government, employers, and the SWTUF. Although labour disputes are adjudicated by the labour courts, the Minister of Labour can refer them to compulsory arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.
See conciliation, mediation . Legal strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.
See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike action is practically impossible as all strikes must be approved by the government.