3 – Regular violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Congo, Republic of

The ITUC affiliates in the Republic of Congo are the Confédération des Syndicats Libres et Autonomes du Congo (COSYLAC), the Confédération Syndicale Congolaise (CSC) and the Confédération Syndicale des Travailleurs du Congo (CSTC).

In practice

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Trade unionist abducted05-06-2013

Dominique Ntsienkoulou, a member of the CRPE (trade union coalition for the improvement of the teaching profession), who took part in the teachers’ strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
, was the target of an attempted abduction by the police on 9 April 2013. Having failed to find him at home, the police officers went to his sister’s house, which they searched, taking all the jewellery and money they found. Mr. Ntsienkoulou was not able to recover the belongings.

During the night of 4 to 5 June, the trade unionist was awoken from his sleep by agents of the Departmental Territorial Surveillance Directorate (DDST). He was driven to the DDST headquarters without being informed of the grounds for his arrest. His family have, since then, been refused any information regarding his whereabouts.

Trade unionists threatened by the authorities05-03-2013

Since the beginning of the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
on 25 February 2013, the trade unionists and teachers have been victims of threats and intimidation by telephone from the political and military authorities and in particular from the Direction générale de la surveillance du territoire (DGST), the la Direction départementale de la surveillance du territoire (DDST) and the Presidency of the Republic.

On the 5 March 2013, when the leaders of the CPRE were holding a meeting in one of the rooms in the INRAP (Institut national de recherche à l’appui pédagogique), Colonel Jean Aive Alakoua, the police spokesperson burst into the meeting. He threatened the trade unionists and promised to hunt down every one of them if the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
action was not suspended.

Two union members arrested after peaceful strike18-04-2013

The teachers’ strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
begun on 25 February, after negotiations stalled between the Congolese authorities and trade unions over teacher’s status in the public sector.

Hilaire Eyima, head of the French department at the school Lycée de la Révolution, was arrested by plainclothes police officers at his home on April 18th because of this use of SMS to spread information about the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
. He was held at the headquarters of the General Directorate for the Surveillance of the Territory (DGST).

Claude Nzingoula, a teacher at the medical school in the capital Brazzaville was arrested on April 19th at his school and was also taken to the GDST headquarters.

They have reportedly been denied access to a lawyer of their choice and have been held for a week without any charge.

Arrests and harassement of members of a coalition of teachers’ union01-04-2013

Daniel Ngami, co-chairman of the coalition called CPRE (Concertation pour la Revalorisation de la Profession d’Enseignant / Coalition for improving the teaching profession), was arrested by National Security office agents on 1st of April and Luc Mba Monga, also a CPRE member, was arrested the following day. They were both held without charge and released five days later.

Before being released, Ngami was forced to read a statement on national media calling on teachers to return work.

Other CPRE members have been harassed and intimated and some have gone into hiding after their houses were searched without a warrant.

Social dialogue charade30-11-2010

A national social dialogue social dialogue Discussion and co-operation between the social partners on matters of common interest, such as economic and social policy. Involves participation by the state where tripartism is practice. committee was set up in 2011. The heads of the main trade union organisations are associated with it. Sector-level trade unions have, however, often denounced the poor level of consultation with ministers in charge of their sectors as well as the intimidation they suffer. Most workers, moreover, are not represented.

Social truce under the guise of social dialogue31-12-2010

Social dialogue social dialogue Discussion and co-operation between the social partners on matters of common interest, such as economic and social policy. Involves participation by the state where tripartism is practice. has made very little progress. These last years, there have been a series of social truces, broken promises, warnings to overly anti-authoritarian trade unions. At the beginning of May, the government called the unions to task about the need not to endanger the State’s solvency. The Minister of State, Florent Tsiba, said he was “outraged” by the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in April by the Fédération des travailleurs de la science, des sports, de l’enseignement, de l’information et de la culture (FETRASSEIC) which could in his opinion, have led to “dangerous tensions and chaos”.

Employers’ reluctance to negotiate has led to strikes, some of which have been very long such as at the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
at the Société nouvelle des ciments du Congo (SONOCC). A national committee for social dialogue social dialogue Discussion and co-operation between the social partners on matters of common interest, such as economic and social policy. Involves participation by the state where tripartism is practice. is due to be set up in 2011 to replace the social truce commission.

Labour reforms negotiated with unions repeatedly postponed31-10-2009

The government’s announcement of new austerity measures when it presented its 2010 budget in November roused the anger of the trade unions. All year long the government had been promising that it would pay more attention to their salary demands. On 9 December, the Congo Workers’ Trade Union Confederation (CSTC), the Congolese Trade Union Confederation (CSC) and the Teachers’ Unions’ College called a general strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
for the end of the year. That evening, negotiations resumed between the unions and the government. A few days later, a new social truce was announced, with a promise from the authorities to accelerate reforms. For years the trade unions have denounced the social inequality perpetuated by the State, particularly in the civil service, where decrees dating back to 1994 suspend bonuses and other workers’ advantages, seriously reducing their purchasing power.

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