2 – Repeated violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Croatia

The ITUC affiliates in Croatia are the Independent Trade Unions of Croatia - Nezavisni Hrvatski Sindikati (NHS) and the Union of Autonomous Trade Unions of Croatia (UATUC).

In practice

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Various attempts to weaken trade unions withholding union dues30-06-2015

Despite the existence of check-off check-off A system where union dues and fees are automatically deducted by the employer from the workers’ paychecks and then remitted to the respective union. agreements, in more than one case enterprises attempts to withhold union dues have been registered.
Such was the case of the company KTD Bilan from Orebić that was maliciously delaying with unnecessary administrative procedures the allocation of membership dues.
Another case was registered at Autoprijevoz – Otočac where the local Transport and Communication dues were collected from workers’ wages for years, but they have never been transferred to the trade union account.

Public enterprise engages in bad faith in collective bargaining01-12-2015

In December 2015 the Zagrebački holding d.d. (a company owned by the City of Zagreb) tried to engage in collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
with trade unions despite the existence of a valid collective agreement and seven annexes. According to trade unions, this invitation concealed – behind the illusory intention to consolidate general provisions of the collective agreement – the real will to seriously undermine workers’ rights.
Other cases of management engaging in bad faith in collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
processes were registered:
-  at Kostwein Varaždin Company where management stalled negotiations with the excuse that time was needed to translate the text of the collective agreement into German and therefore allow the enterprise to state its official position with respect to the content of the agreement;

-  at Brodosplit Shipyard where the company, well known for its anti-union behaviours, recently cancelled the collective agreement despite that in its privatisation contract it was explicitly stated the opposite;

-  at the ferry Company Jadrolinija d.d., where a few years ago a collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
procedure was launched to regulate seafarers’ work, but ever since an agreement has never been reached. Such delay was due to employer’s obstructionist attitude, systematically refusing any proposal of the trade union, as for example the one of including extra hours in the basis of calculation of salaries.

The institute of immunology gave a caution to a steward that spoke at a press conference01-03-2016

On 1 March 2016 the Autonomous Trade Union of Energy, Chemistry and Non-metal Workers of Croatia (EKN) organised a press conference regarding policy choices of the Institute of Immunology. At this occasion a shop steward shop steward A union worker who represents the members of a union in dealings with the employer. Often elected by union members who work in the same establishment. spoke in public on behalf of the trade union and of workers on the compelling need to continue the production and issuing relevant permits. Following the press conference, the Institute issued a caution and threatened the worker with dismissal because, according to management, “no one authorised her to speak in public on behalf of the company” while clearly she was speaking on behalf of the workers. In this respect EKN stated that this is a clear attempt to ban trade union public statements that raise awareness on the policy choices of general interest concerning this public institute.

New owner of Brodosplit Shipyard is attacking unions17-12-2013

Brodosplit Shipyard has been engaging in serious anti-union activities ever since it was bought by Tomislav Debeljak.

In March 2013, management posted declarations on its Facebook page indicating attempts to expel trade unions from the company and to relocate them to other premises. Moreover, the company stated that it had hired private investigators who were following trade unionists in the shipyard. It was also explained that salary deductions were made from trade union members for charity purposes. Management justified these actions by arguing that companies without union presence were more successful. These intimidating statements have led to a sharp fall in trade union membership. After about eight months of anti-union campaigning, trade union membership fell from 2,700 to 200.

In May 2013, the company decided to conduct a peer review based on a questionnaire prepared by management. The questionnaire included questions asking workers to judge how bad they think unions are for the company. Results were then used to determine the employment relationship of workers. In total, 20 workers lost their jobs because of their allegiance to the union movement. Almost all shop stewards lost their employment.

In November 2013, workers organised peaceful strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
actions to protest wage arrears. Police were present during the protests and reported there was no violence or disruption. Nevertheless, the company suspended the employment contracts of 254 workers on 18 November 2013. Up until today, 20 workers have not been reinstated. Tomislav Debeljak continues to intimidate workers by calling trade unionists hooligans and terrorists.

Anti-union discrimination20-03-2013

Management at Brodosplit, a shipyard, dismissed trade union members, 35 in total, without explanation or justification. Other trade union members have also been threatened with dismissal. The company also hired a security firm to follow trade union members and shop stewards and to investigate trade union officers.

Discrimination against union members24-12-2012

On 24 December 2012, Zagreb Holding dismissed Dario Rastovcan, a shop steward shop steward A union worker who represents the members of a union in dealings with the employer. Often elected by union members who work in the same establishment. from the Autonomous Trade Union of Workers in Public Utilities and Housing Services of Croatia who had been raising violations of rights guaranteed by law and by collective agreements.

Government cancels Basic Collective Agreement12-09-2012

On 17 September 2012, the Croatian Government cancelled the Basic Collective Agreement that provided benefits for officials and employees in the public sector after negotiations with unions broke down over wage cuts proposed by the Cabinet. The decision to cancel the collective agreement took effect on 17 December 2012.

Reprisals for trade union activities31-12-2011
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