4 – Systematic violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Argentina

The ITUC affiliates in Argentina are the Central de los Trabajadores de la Argentina (CTA) and the Confederación General del Trabajo de la República Argentina (CGT).

In practice

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Protocol places unconstitutional limits on right to protest and freedom of expression17-02-2016

On 17 February 2016, Security Minister Patricia Bullrich issued the “Protocol on the Conduct of the State Security Forces in Public Protests”, which places unconstitutional limits on the right to protest and freedom of expression. Social protest is being criminalised, with demonstrators being prosecuted for breaching the right to free movement and disrupting public order.

The Protocol does not prohibit security forces from using firearms or rubber bullets to repress protests. It fails to establish any obligation regarding the use of uniforms or the identification of police officers, but does restrict media coverage of protests. According to the Centre for Legal and Social Studies (CELS), the protocol is seriously flawed and contains a number of inconsistences, and, as such, threatens to give rise to serious reverses in terms of protecting the right to life and physical integrity when exercising the constitutional right to social protest.

Despite the firm opposition voiced by social organisations, the Protocol remains in force to date.

Petrobras breaches law protecting trade union representatives and ignores judicial rulings22-02-2016

In February 2016, Petrobras refused, once again, to reinstate Roberto Aníbal Gorbarán, leader of the Sindicato del Personal Jerárquico de la Industria Química y Petroquímica, in spite of the law protecting him against dismissal and the court rulings ordering his reinstatement. At the time this report was finalised, the company was still refusing to comply with the court orders.

Union busting at Nucleoeléctrica Argentina04-03-2016

On March 2016, workers affiliated to the Sindicato Luz y Fuerza de Zárate denounced the union-busting strategy deployed at the nuclear electricity company Nucleoeléctrica Argentina (NASA). According to the trade unionists, the company is trying to remove the legal protection covering trade union representatives so that it can unfairly dismiss a trade union leader and undermine the trade union’s work at the company. The same strategy has been used on a previous occasion and seriously affected the union’s leadership and the organisation’s day-to-day workings.

Violent attack on leaders of state workers’ union, ATE07-03-2016

On 7 March 2016, a group of hired thugs physically assaulted leaders of the Mendoza branch of the Asociación de Trabajadores del Estado (ATE) and other demonstrators who were protesting against the dismissals at the Mendoza Casino. A group of around 50 people used sticks, stones and bricks in the attack on the ATE provincial secretary, Roberto Macho, and another three trade unionists, who were handing out flyers at the entrance of the Godoy Cruz Hippodrome, during the Clásico Vendimia de Turf horse racing event.

The case is in the hands of the investigating magistrate, who has opened a file to investigate and bring those responsible to justice on charges of bodily harm. Videos provided by the trade union as well as witnesses to the attack have been submitted as evidence.

Education workers’ demonstration violently repressed08-03-2016

On 8 March 2016, police officers from Buenos Aires violently repressed a demonstration staged by education sector workers, mainly school canteen staff and caretakers, organised within the Sindicato de Obreros y Empleados de Minoridad y Educación (SOEME). The workers, who were demonstrating in front of the Schools Directorate in La Plata to press for a minimum wage of AR$10,000 (US$645), were attacked with pepper spray, sticks and rubber bullets.

Two demonstrators sustained fractures and others were injured by the rubber bullets. According to the information received, Alejandro Finocciario, the head of the Buenos Aires Department of Education, had already deployed violent measures such as these in the past and was even prosecuted for threats made to the general secretary of the Unión de Docentes de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (UDOCBA), Miguel Díaz.

Police violence during unionised teachers’ strike28-04-2016

During March 2016, teachers staged a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in Santiago de Estero and various other towns in the province to press for a wage increase. Teachers from the organisation leading the demonstrations, the Círculo Santiagueño de Docentes de Enseñanza Media y Superior (CISADEMS), denounced that the police had attacked them, carried out arbitrary arrests and prevented them from demonstrating.

In April 2016, the Sindicato Santiagueño de Docentes (SISADOC) reported that a group of teachers was assaulted whilst holding a peaceful gathering in front of the Chamber of Deputies in Santiago de Estero. The trade union reported that a group of people took their posters and placards from them and stole their mobile phones. The police intervened to stop the attack.

Violent attack on leaders of municipal workers’ union in Las Rosas05-05-2016

On 5 May 2016, leaders of the Sindicato de Trabajadores Municipales de Las Rosas were attacked with machetes whilst camping in tents in front of the municipal council building, to press the city’s mayor, Javier Meyer, to review his wage policies.

From the moment the dispute arose, the mayor showed no willingness to negotiate with the municipal workers and snubbed the compulsory arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
ordered by the Provincial Labour Ministry to find a peaceful solution to the issues raised. In addition, outbreaks of violence such as fires deliberately ignited at rubbish dumps fuelled the irritation felt among locals for the striking workers. The trade union called on the state authorities, including the provincial government, the legislature and the judiciary, to intervene to ease the tension created by the dispute.

Air traffic controllers excluded from collective bargaining 10-06-2016

On 10 June 2016, Argentina’s air traffic controllers staged a two-day strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
after the government imposed a collective agreement endorsed by a single trade union organisation that represents less than 10 per cent of the employees in the sector. The exclusionary agreement imposes greater flexible on the workers and fails to cover disciplinary procedures and a career development plan for employees.

Argentina has 3,600 air traffic controllers, all of whom belong to the national civil aviation authority ANAC, which is to be transferred to the newly established state company taking over the management of Argentina’s air traffic services, the EANA. The trade union fears that employees may be laid off as part of the takeover process and is therefore calling for all the workers contracted to be placed on the permanent staff, as well as a democratic collective agreement and a pay rise to offset the impact of high annual inflation rates.

Anti-union strategy denounced at American Express16-06-2016

In June 2016, unionised workers at American Express denounced the company’s anti-union strategy, deployed since 2015, to prevent the election of trade union representatives, with a view to ensuring a list of candidates that protects its corporate interests, which include relocation, outsourcing outsourcing See contracting-out and the imposition of ever more precarious employment conditions. The unionised workers staged a demonstration in front of the company’s office building, to highlight the tactics deployed, such as the human resources management’s interference in trade union affairs, including demands made on the trade union’s leadership that a minimum number of candidates be put forward if a ballot were to be held to elect trade union representatives. Such anti-union tactics have been constant since 2015 and have become a systematic practice.

Fines imposed on trade union at Ledesma sugar mill undermine freedom of association 10-08-2016

Between 14 and 21 July 2016, workers affiliated to the Sindicato de Obreros y Empleados del Azúcar del Ingenio Ledesma (SOEAIL) staged a protest, during which they set up a roadblock, to press for better pay at the company. The trade union reported that the police used excessive force against the workers, using rubber bullets and tear gas. The protests were held after the workers rejected the compulsory arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
ordered by the Labour Ministry. Gerardo Morales, the governor of Jujuy province, responded some days later to the incident with a threat to fine each worker who took part in the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
AR$6,000. He did not, however, act on the threat.

On 5 August 2016, however, the Labour Ministry of Jujuy fined the trade union AR$2,355,260 for failing to comply with the compulsory arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
order. The measure led to criminal proceedings against eight trade union leaders, two union legal advisors and six workers. The union refused to pay the fine, considering it to be illegal, unconstitutional and a breach of the right to strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
.

In addition, on 9 August, the administrative misdemeanours judge María J. Álvarez fined the union AR$3,560, based on the provisions of the Minor Offences Code that penalise protests, mobilisations and roadblocks. This fine was paid by the trade union’s executive committee.

The Argentinian state has resorted to administrative, criminal and minor offence court proceedings to restrict the right to protest, freedom of expression and freedom of association freedom of association The right to form and join the trade union of one’s choosing as well as the right of unions to operate freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
.

Proceedings against trade unionists 25-10-2016

Between January and September 2016, dozens of trade unionists were detained within the framework of labour disputes. At least 35 union leaders and activists were detained during trade union protests in Salta, the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires (AMBA) and Neuquén. State, press, transport and sugar industry workers were, in addition, charged with administrative and criminal offences for taking part in trade union activities.

Violent attack on SUTCAPRA representatives03-12-2016

On 3 December 2016, trade union representatives from the Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de Control de Admisión y Permanencia de la República Argentina (SUTCAPRA) were physically attacked by a group of over 30 people, to stop a labour inspection labour inspection An authority responsible for ensuring compliance with labour laws and legal provisions relating to protection of workers through the inspection of workplaces. being held. The incident took place at the Santa Diabla nightclub, in Quilmes.

Inspectors from the Labour Ministry, who were conducting the operation together with the trade union, had gone to the establishment to inspect the work situation of the bouncers managed by the security company Kratos. One of the attackers threatened them with a firearm. The case is currently under criminal investigation.

Drivers from Unión Tranviarios Automotor (UTA) in Salta released from detention22-12-2016

On 22 December 2016, 11 drivers from the Unión Tranviarios Automotor (UTA) in Salta were released after being held in detention for three and a half months for demanding better working conditions and protesting against the dismissals in the public transport sector. Judge Martín Pérez ordered the release of Sixto Tactagi, Omar Pereyra, Carlos Barrios, Jorge Banda, executive members of UTA Salta, and workers Walter Pérez, Ezequiel Malenque, Daniel González, Agustín Cayo, Cristian Figueroa, Oscar Camacho and Oscar Villa, who had been held in detention at the provincial prison since September.

The 11 drivers were released on parole, on the condition that they would undergo psychological treatment, report to the court on a weekly basis, that they would not leave the country without judicial authorisation, would not approach the UTA Salta headquarters and would not engage in any form of trade union activity. The last condition constitutes a violation of the right to organise and freedom of association freedom of association The right to form and join the trade union of one’s choosing as well as the right of unions to operate freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
.

Members of university staff union dismissed30-12-2016

On 30 December 2016, over a dozen teachers who had formed a trade union, SIDUNLAM, at the National University of Matanza, in 2016, were dismissed, in breach of the law protecting trade unionists.

Notification of the dismissals was sent by email and executive members of the recently formed trade union were among those fired. Their employment was terminated without prior notice and without justification. The dismissals are clearly unfair and discriminatory, and stem from the campaign of political and anti-union persecution targeting the national federation of university teachers CONADU.

Arbitrary detention and prosecution of social leader Milagro Sala 16-01-2017

On 16 January 2016, Milagro Sala, head of the Tupac Amaru social movement was detained by the police in Jujuy and charged with “inciting illicit acts and sedition”. For trade union leaders, Sala is the victim of judicial persecution that contravenes the right to organise and freedom of association freedom of association The right to form and join the trade union of one’s choosing as well as the right of unions to operate freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework
.

Sala has already received two convictions: one in a criminal court case, in which she received a three year suspended sentence for damages caused during a demonstration against leading figures from the UCR party, including the current governor of Jujuy, Gerardo Morales; the other was delivered by a minor offences court, which found her guilty of setting up the protest camp staged between December 2015 and January 2016 in front of the Jujuy Government House, barred her from taking part in any organisation for three years and three months and ordered her to pay a fine of AR$3,780.

The Centre for Legal and Social Studies (CELS) and Amnesty International submitted an application to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) for precautionary measures to “ensure the release of Milagro Sala and the exercise of freedom of expression and the right to social protest in Jujuy”. The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and the US Department of State also concluded that Sala’s pre-trial detention was arbitrary, and violated the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. On 2 December 2016, the IACHR urged the Argentinian authorities to release Milagro Sala. A year following her detention, however, the social leader was still being held in jail.

Arbitrary arrest of unionised workers and trade union leader Rodolfo Aguiar09-02-2017

On 9 February 2017, Rodolfo Aguiar, general secretary of the Asociación Trabajadores del Estado (ATE) and of the Rio Negro branch of CTA Autónoma, was arrested while taking part in a protest against the labour policies of President Mauricio Macri. Aguiar was beaten and held in detention at a police station in the Guido de Viedma neighbourhood, in the province of Río Negro. Aguiar and other unionised workers were arrested within the framework of security arrangements set in place by the provincial authorities ahead of President Macri’s visit to the province.

The Río Negro branch of the PTS and other organisations condemned the violent repression and criminalisation of social protest and called on the government to ensure the immediate release of Aguiar and his colleagues.

Death threats against education union leader 11-02-2017

During the first few months of 2017, Roberto Baradel, general secretary of the Sindicato Unificado de Trabajadores de la Educación de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (SUTEBA), a member of the National Executive Board of the Confederación Trabajadores de la Educación de la República Argentina, affiliated to CTA de los Trabajadores (CTA-T), in the Province of Buenos Aires, and the international relations secretary of this trade union centre trade union centre A central organisation at the national, regional or district level consisting of affiliated trade unions. Often denotes a national federation or confederation. , was the target of serious death threats against himself and his family.

The threats were made in the context of collective pay negotiations between the Buenos Aires Province government authorities and the six trade unions representing the entire teaching staff working under this authority.

The situation was reported to the justice system and the Head of the Ministerial Cabinet of the National Executive, but no progress has been made in the investigations. Although the government is not being accused of the threats, the union organisations are denouncing the authorities’ failure to take action and the fact that the government is publically refuting and trivialising the facts, leaving the trade union leader totally unprotected.

Delays in recognition of transport union01-03-2017

The pre-metro and underground transport workers’ union, Asociación Gremial de Trabajadores del Subte y el Premetro (AGTSyP), which represents 60% of the workers in the City of Buenos Aires, has seen delays in the procedures for acquiring legal recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. (required to represent workers in collective negotiations, etc.), hindering the exercise of its trade union rights.

The trade union was registered in 2010 and applied for Personería Gremial, the legal recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. required to represent workers, in 2013. The administrative procedure confirmed that the union complied with the provisions of Art. 25 of Law 23,551 (representation of over 20% of all trade union members). Three hearings were held to determine whether the pre-existing union, Unión Tranviarios Automotor (UTA) had a higher level of representation. This is the result of the state only granting legal recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. to the “most representative” trade unions.

Given the UTA’s failure to attend any of the hearings, the administrative authority granted the AGTSyP the legal capacity to represent pre-metro and underground transport workers, whilst the UTA maintained its right to represent workers in the rest of the sector. The UTA appealed against the decision and, in March 2017, Chamber II of the National Labour Appeal Court quashed the ruling and the AGTSyP was left without legal recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. .

The court deemed the decision to grant it legal status was invalid because the UTA was not present at the hearings. Prerequisites of this kind render it impossible to dispute the right to legal recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. , given that pre-existing unions will simply not attend to avoid any change in their status.

Teachers taking part in strikes face wage deductions and substitution07-03-2017

Within the framework of collective negotiations on pay in the education sector, the Education Minister for the province of Buenos Aires, Alejandro Finocchiaro, warned that those taking part in the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
on 6 and 7 March would have their pay docked. This practice penalises the right to strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
and is deployed in spite of a 2016 ruling by Administrative Court No. 4 of La Plata ordering the government of Buenos Aires province to return the amounts deducted to teachers for days not worked during the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
held on 1 and 2 August 2016.

In addition, the government of Buenos Aires province, led by María Eugenia Vidal, pushed the idea that striking teachers should be substituted by “volunteers” offering their services on social media under the hashtag “#VoluntarioDocenteNoAlParo” (Teaching Volunteer Against the Strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
). The proposal was launched under the heading “My Bit for Education”, and the idea was that citizens wishing to provide school support would substitute the teachers. The proposal ultimately led to nothing and the teachers’ strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
was held without substitute teachers being hired.

Intimidation of education trade unionists16-11-2016

On 16 November 2016 police officers prevented members of the Buenos Aires Teachers’ Union (Frente Gremial Docente Bonaerense) from putting posters up in the streets of La Plata. First the police sought to intimidate the workers, then a group of six men got out of two minivans and began to brutally attack them.

The following day, in the city of Santa Teresita, a special uniformed unit from the Buenos Aires police force positioned themselves at the entrance of a school where the United Union of Education Workers of the Province of Buenos Aires (Sindicato Unificado de Trabajadores de la Educación de la Provincia de Buenos Aires - SUTEBA) was holding a meeting, chaired by its General Secretary, Roberto Baradel.

Anti-union dismissals at Telefónica28-09-2016

In September 2016, Chick, a subcontractor of the Spanish multinational Telefónica, closed its doors, laying off 100 telecommunications workers belonging to the Unión de Empleados y Técnicos de las Telecomunicaciones (UETTEL - CTA). The telecommunications workers’ union had been negotiating with the company since 2013 to improve the employees’ labour rights.

El Tabacal sugar workers brutally repressed24-08-2016

On 24 August 2016, during a dispute that had brought El Tabacal sugar mill, in the province of Salta, to a standstill, police used lead bullets to put an end to a roadblock, under orders of the governor, Juan Manuel Urtubey.

With harvesting at a standstill, renewed negotiations had been scheduled to take place the day before, between representatives of the management and the workers. Representatives from the company failed to show, stirring uproar among the sugar workers, who decided to set up a complete roadblock. Moments later, riot police decided to disperse the protesting workers. The force used was so disproportionate that 30 workers were injured in the operation.

Sugar workers suffer brutal repression15-07-2016

On 15 July 2016, in the province of Jujuy, sugar workers belonging to the Sindicato de Obreros y Empleados del Azúcar del Ingenio Ledesma (SOEAIL-CTA) were brutally attacked by members of the National Gendarmerie and private security guards whilst taking part in a march within the framework of an indefinite stoppage called to press for better pay and working conditions. Over 80 workers were injured by rubber bullets and several were arrested.

Editorial Perfil press workers put on trial31-12-2015

In December 2015 the VII Chamber of the National Criminal and Correctional Appeals Court ordered that the whole Internal Trade Union Committee of the Editorial Perfil press workers go on trial, as well ordering a lien of 210,000 ARP against union representatives Rubén Schofrin, Marcelo Iglesias, Raúl Mileo, Carlos Rodríguez, Héctor Velázquez and José Luis Quartana.

Union registration delayed and denied 01-12-2015

In the course of 2015 the Government of Argentina continued its practice of not respecting established deadlines for the administrative procedures necessary for the registration of a trade union or the granting of legal personality to a union, delaying its decisions as a way of denying registration to the applicant union. By so doing it can make the administrative steps last years, depriving the trade unions of the right to recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. as legal entity. One such case is the Argentina Workers Centre (CTA) which applied for legal personality in 2004. By 2015 the government had still not completed the procedures, despite countless requests by the ILO International Labour Organization A tripartite United Nations (UN) agency established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. The main international body charged with developing and overseeing international labour standards.

See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights
supervisory bodies to reach a decision.
Other requests for registration that were still pending in 2015 included the Energy Workers’ Federation of the Republic of Argentina (FETERA), which applied in 2000; the Catamarca Health Professionals Association, which began proceedings for union registration in 2007; the Neuquén Union of Public Health Professionals, whose proceedings began in 2008; the La Rioja Health Professionals Association and the Health Union, whose began their application in 2009; the Tucumán Self-organised health workers’ union and the Telecommunications Employees and Technicians Union, who applied to register their union in 2010; the Misiones Union of Piece-Rate, Temporary and Unemployed Workers, the Pedagogical Liberation Movement and the Misiones Province Education Workers union who began their registration proceedings in 2011 and the Catamarca United Teachers’ Association and the Misiones Central Market Workers and Labourers Union, who applied in 2012.
In August 2015 the VIII Chamber of the National Labour Appeals Court ordered the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security to register the Villa Maria Commercial and Services Workers’ Union (UTRACOS-CTA A) within ten days. It had applied for registration in 2005 and the Ministry of Labour had refused to grant it despite rulings in favour by the relevant administrative bodies.

Arauco Argentina S.A. steadily increasing its outsourcing 01-12-2015

One common practice by employers to weaken the trade unions is to decentralise tasks listed in the collective agreement by outsourcing outsourcing See contracting-out them to other companies and using employees from other companies to carry out tasks covered in the CBA. One case in point is the cellulose company Arauco Argentina S.A. which has a valid CBA with the Cellulose, Paper and Cardboard Industry Workers’ and Employees’ Union in the Misiones Province (SOEP Misiones) and which for the last few years has been steadily outsourcing outsourcing See contracting-out more and more of the tasks covered by the collective agreement.

Employer delays negotiations01-12-2015

The Professional Divers’ Association has tried to negotiate a collective agreement with Antares Naviera S.A. , Möhn Drilling A.S and the Argentinian Chamber of Diving and Rescue (CABUSA) since 2014, but the employers kept dragging out the negotiations. In the course of 2015 they did not attend the majority of the meetings organised by the Ministry of Labour and refused to provide a list of negotiators for the administrative records.

Authorities’ interference in trade union elections01-12-2015

The Autonomous Argentina Workers’ Centre (Central de Trabajadores de la Argentina – Autonoma CTA-A) reported repeated interference in trade union elections by the administrative authorities. On 26 May 2014 the National Leadership of the Trade Union Associations of the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security issued a ruling in which it rejected the validity of the CTA-A’s election announcement.
During 2015 the election of trade union representatives at the workplace under the umbrella of the National Social Security Administration (ANSES), and organised by the State Employees’ Association (ATE) was dismissed by the Ministry of Labour, under whose authority the ANSES falls, on the grounds of legal ineffectiveness.

Discrimination against teaching union by the authorities30-03-2015

In March 2015, representatives of the ADEMYS teachers’ association held a rally at the entrance to the Education Ministry in Buenos Aires to denounce the political persecution and discrimination of their union, and attempts by the authorities to deny ADEMYS representation on various discussion and negotiating bodies. The union had also been prevented from taking part in the pay, statutes and grading commissions.

Intimidation and detention of education trade unionists10-03-2015

Police violently disrupted a meeting held by the Educators Union of the Cordoba Province (Unión de Educadores de la Provincia de Córdoba - UEPC) on 24 February 2015 in the city of Cordoba during a series of protest demonstrations against their employer, the government, and detained four trade union leaders, who were later released.

On 2 March 2015, the police detained Federico Chilaver, the Youth Secretary of Autonomous Workers Centre of Argentina (CTA Autónoma) in Montecarlo, Misiones Province, during a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
by the Pedagogical Liberation Movement (MPL) and the Misiones Education Workers’ Union (UTEM/CTA A). He was released after spending a few hours at the Monetcarlo police station. The union also reported that several union leaders had been intimidated during the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
.

Negotiations with teachers avoided28-02-2015

In February 2015 the Corrientes Education Workers Union (Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de la Educación Corrientes - Suteco) held a general assembly, two weeks before teachers returned to the classroom. The union decided to urgently demand parity for teachers according to the terms of Law no. 6030. It also decided to inform the Under-Secretary of Labour that, by virtue of article 25 of this law, if the Provincial government did not call for collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
, the union would have the right to take industrial action industrial action Any form of action taken by a group of workers, a union or an employer during an industrial dispute to gain concessions from the other party, e.g. a strike, go-slow or an overtime ban, or a lockout on the part of the employer. . Furthermore, the law sanctioned breaches of this article with fines. The union pointed out that there had been no negotiation, only informal meetings at the Ministry of Finance, where the unions had no decision making power. Consequently Suteco decided not to sign the official resolution.

Workers repressed on International Women’s Day08-03-2016

On 8 March 2016, a demonstation by the Minority and Education Labourers and Employees Union, composed mainly of school cafeteria cooks and porters, was violently repressed outside the General Directorate of Schools in La Plata. The union was demanding a pay rise of a minimum of 10,000 pesos, by not performing certain tasks and through peaceful demonstrations.

Repression of teachers’ march in Santiago del Estero07-03-2016

On 7 March 2016, teachers from Santiago del Estero, affiliated to the Santiago Circle of Middle and High School Teachers (Cisadems) took part in a march to demand an increase in their basic salary, the lowest in the country. When the march was nearing its end, it met with fierce repression that left several wounded, and two people were arrested.

The General Secretary of Cisadems, Ana Blanco, explained that there had been a huge police operation to try to prevent the Santiago teachers’ march, which began early in the day. Several union members from outside the town were intercepted and their vehicles impounded en route by the police to prevent them reaching the march.

Leader of CTA Autónoma arrested03-02-2016

On 26 January 2015, Rodolfo Aguiar, general secretary of the public workers’ union Asociación Trabajadores del Estado (ATE) and the Rio Negro branch of CTA Autónoma, was arrested for taking part in the protest action against the dismissal of 12 subcontracted workers from the University of Comahue in Fisque Menuco (General Roca). The Federal Court of Río Negro had already prosecuted Aguiar in October 2015 for roadblocks that had been set up in August and December 2013.

Violation of right to strike07-12-2015

On 3 December 2015, 28 teachers and truck drivers from Tierra del Fuego were condemned to between eight months and four years in prison for incidents that took place within the framework of a general strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in May 2013.

Police brutality against workers in La Plata08-01-2016

On 8 January 2016, CTA Autónoma denounced the police brutality against striking municipal employees in La Plata, which left six workers seriously injured. The strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
had been called following the mayors’ decision to dismiss 4500 workers.

Repression of Cresta Roja workers’ protest22-12-2015

On 22 December 2015, the public workers’ association Asociación Trabajadores del Estado (ATE) denounced the police repression of the protest being staged by employees of the Cresta Roja poultry company to demand the payment of their wages and the preservation of their jobs.

The ATE questioned the action taken by members of the Gendarmerie, on the orders of the National Security Secretary, Eugenio Burzaco, to forcibly remove the employees who were staging a partial roadblock on the highway leading to Ezeiza airport. The workers were dislodged despite having already come to an agreement with the National Security Secretary that vehicles would be allowed to circulate freely.

Right to strike violated in Salta07-05-2014

The Salta region health professionals’ union Asociación de Profesionales de la Salud de Salta (APSADES), affiliated to the Federación Sindical de Profesionales de la Salud de la República Argentina (FESPROSA), was ordered to pay a fine of 186,000 pesos by the provincial Labour Secretariat for failing to respect mandatory arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
requirements. The fine was imposed when a 24-hour work stoppage was called for 25 April 2014, during which only emergency services were to be covered, according to the union’s general secretary, Dr. Graciela Aquere Riggieri.

In Riggieri’s view, the fine is aimed at undermining the union, to stifle its legitimate demands, which have been the same for years, and rather than trying to reach an agreement has achieved nothing but to sow doubt regarding the will to settle the provincial dispute, which is not merely limited to the education sector but includes other sectors in increasing numbers.

Arrested and tortured after a union activity30-11-2013

In the province of Misiones, Diego Armando Silveira, a young union leader of the Sindicato de Trabajadores del Mercado Central (Central Market Workers’ Union) was detained in November 2013 together with two fellow unionists. This took place during a conflict in which the workers were protesting against employers not complying with working conditions established in the agreements made with the union.

In order to repress this demonstration organized by the union, the workers were arrested and brutally beaten by the police of Regional Unit X.

A police report was filed thereafter, accusing the police officer of brutality, but the case never moved forward.

Silveira was ’’accused’’ of attempted murder, based upon the suspicious assertion of a person who described his alleged aggressor with physical features similar to Silveira. The worker was arrested and taken to the local precinct, where he was placed in detention and subject to illegal maltreatment and brutality.

Oil workers sentenced to life in prison30-12-2013

In December 2013, four oil workers were sentenced to life in prison in the town of Las Heras, province of Santa Cruz.

The workers were accused of killing a police officer in 2006, during a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
demanding a salary increase. Ramón Inocencio Cortez, José Rosales, Franco Padilla and Hugo González will have to spend the rest of their lives behind bars with no evidence of their guilt. The sentencing was based only on the incriminatory testimony of one person, whose statement was obtained under illegal maltreatment (torture).

Repression of trade unionists in Jujuy20-02-2014

On 20 February 2014, the Confederación General del Trabajo denounced the repressive action taken by security forces to quash a protest being held by municipal workers to press for decent working conditions in San Pedro, Jujuy. The trade union confederation also condemned the police raids on the homes of workers and trade union leaders.

Anti-trade union discrimination at nuclear energy company NASA08-11-2013

In August 2013, employees of the Argentinian nuclear energy company (NASA), members of the Asociación de Trabajadores del Estado (ATE), asked to be present as a trade union at the negotiating table. They also accused the company of discrimination, as by excluding the ATE from the negotiations, it is depriving the workers of various job benefits.

Pharmaceutical industry initiates criminal proceedings against trade unionists05-11-2013

The Central de los Trabajadores de la Argentina (CTA) reported, in November 2013, that the pharmaceutical industry has launched an intimidation campaign against various leaders of the Asociación de Agentes de Propaganda Médica (AAPM-CTA), including its General Secretary, Ricardo Peidro, who is also a member of the TUCA Executive Committee.
According to the CTA, employers from the pharmaceutical industry, grouped in the Cámara Argentina de Especialidades Medicinales (CAEMe), Cámara Industrial de Laboratorios Farmacéuticos Argentinos (CILFA) and the Cámara Empresaria de Laboratorios Farmacéuticos (COOPERALA), decided to initiate criminal proceedings against workers and their representatives, in response to protests staged by the AAPM following the employers’ refusal to negotiate in good faith within the framework of national collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
with medical sales representatives.
According to the information provided by the CTA, the pharmaceutical industry, through the ROEMMERS Group, decided to initiate criminal proceedings against workers involved in the protests, including leaders of the AAPM who also hold positions in the CTA.

Repression in Tierra del Fuego31-08-2013

In August 2013, in Tierra del Fuego province, the provincial government responded to trade union protests by doggedly pursuing social activists and criminalising social protest by bringing prosecutions against education workers and truck drivers. The conflict stems from the provincial government’s non-compliance with the collective agreements, through the absence and delaying tactics of its representatives as well as harassment in the form of sanctions and salary deductions imposed on workers taking affirmative action in defence of the national social security system.

Repression of trade unionists in Jujuy12-08-2013

On 12 August 2013, leaders of the Asociación de Educadores Provinciales (ADEP) and the Centro de Docentes de Enseñanza Media y Superior (CEDEMS) were repressed by the police while demonstrating peacefully in front of the Ministry for Education.

On 28 August, the Jujuy police suppressed a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
by civil servants for better wages and arrested the General Secretary of the Asociación Trabajadores del Estado (ATE), Fernando “Nando” Acosta, along with 200 other people.

Anti-trade union dismissals at service stations31-08-2013

In August 2013, the Federación de Trabajadores de la Energía (FeTERA) denounced the dismissals of service station workers in Río Cuarto, Córdoba. Ernesto Duco, who qualifies for trade union immunity, was amongst those dismissed.

Dismissals and asset stripping at graphics company28-02-2013

In February 2013, the Unión Obrera Gráfica Cordobesa, representing workers at the Talleres Gráficos La Moneda SACyF – Offset Nis, condemned the dismissals of part of the staff and actions to strip the company’s assets within the framework of an ongoing trade union dispute caused by a constant delay in the payment of salaries and non-compliance with labour standards.

Anti-trade union persecution in Buenos Aires30-06-2013

In June 2013, the Governor of the province of Buenos Aires, Daniel Scioli, threatened to bring a criminal prosecution for extortion and coercion against the General Secretary of the Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de la Educación de Buenos Aires (SUTEBA), Roberto Baradel, simply because he had tried to defend quality public education in the province of Buenos Aires.

In July 2013, the Asociación de Supervisores...31-07-2013

In July 2013, the Asociación de Supervisores de la Industria Metalmecánica (ASIMRA), affiliated to IndustriALL, has put its members on a state of alert in response to the employers’ refusal to discuss changes to the job classification categories set out in the current collective agreement.

Anti-trade union dismissals at Telefónica07-05-2013

On 7 May 2013, workers affiliated to the Unión de Empleados y Técnicos de las Telecomunicaciones (UETTEL) staged a demonstration in front of the headquarters of Elecnor Argentina S.A., a subcontractor of Telefónica, in protest at the “employer’s decision to dismiss 300 workers”. The trade unionists stated that the measure was an attack on trade union freedom as the workers dismissed were trade union members.

Following pressure and demonstrations by the union, Telefónica Argentina forced Elecnor to renegotiate their contract and to reinstate the workers who had been dismissed.

Police intervention09-08-2013

Police in the province of Salta violently repressed workers at Ingenio San Martín del Tabacal who were demonstrating in front of the workplace. In August 2012, the police action included intervention in the Villa Las Rosas neighbourhood, where the repressive forces entered workers’ homes and fired tear gas which also affected their families. A two year old girl was injured by police buckshot. In recent years the company has practiced anti-union dismissals and intervened in the union elections.

Interference in trade union activities31-08-2012

In August 2012 the Government of Buenos Aires issued a resolution requiring all municipal workers’ unions to request a permit to conduct meetings, reserving the authority to assess the appropriateness of what is done outside working hours.

Compulsory conciliation09-08-2013
Multinational “Teleperformance” refuses to negotiate23-01-2012

Workers at the Teleperformance multinational company which provides client services, technical support, telesales and payment collection services, decided to organise one hour stoppages each day in protest at their poor working conditions and management’s refusal to negotiate.

On 7 January the company began to empty its Hipólito Irigoyen offices, asking workers to choose between “voluntary departure or moving to another location”, which resulted in breaking up the organised workers.
Subsequently, the company proceeded to dismiss 11 union delegates and activists, although they were later reinstated further to a decision of the internal committee. In April the company dismissed 110 workers for being “unproductive” and hired new staff with no history of trade union involvement. In July the company stopped attending the conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
meetings organised by the Labour Ministry and in August it unilaterally decreed the suspension of all workers and the closure and liquidation of the company. As a result is was prosecuted for disruption.

Anti-union practices at the Icro Ómnibus Norte SA (Monsa) transport company15-09-2011

The 1,340 workers at the transport company Micro Ómnibus Norte S.A. (Monsa) organised a work stoppage in September after repeated violations of their rights by the company, including the non-payment of allowances, poor occupational health and safety conditions and a lack of recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. of their union delegation in its defence of the workers’ interests. On bus line 60 the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
extended into the month of October in protest against attacks on the granddaughter of a delegate taking part in the negotiations, who was threatened and tortured, and told that her granddad would be killed if the workers did not drop their demands.

Anti-union practices at IBM Argentina28-07-2011

Workers at IBM complained that the company was trying to prevent the computer workers’ union “Unión Informática”. The workers presented a set of demands to improve their working conditions and to protest at the dismissal of 200 workers. The workers went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
on 28 July 2011. They later submitted complaints against the management of the enterprise for threatening dismissals and penalties against those who had taken part in the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
.

Reluctance to negotiate in the oil industry17-07-2011

Workers from the Santa Cruz Private Oil and Gas Workers’ Union went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in April 2011 to demand better working conditions in the companies in the industry. Workers from the oil companies based in the Argentinian provinces of Río Negro, Neuquén and La Pampa also stopped work in November 2011. They were calling on their companies (including YPF, Repsol, Total and Apache Corporation) to sign a collective agreement introducing pay rises for most of the staff, in response to the high level of inflation, which had reached 20% a year and was seriously affecting their incomes. The oil companies were consistently reluctant to negotiate with the union.

Bogus labour cooperatives31-12-2010

There are still some bogus labour cooperatives used to thwart the creation of trade unions. At least 1,500 railway workers are hired using this method, whereby workers are registered as supposed business associates, and are not paid a salary but instead make “withdrawals” from the cooperatives profits. Further to complaints the government has dealt with this serious problem by cancelling their permission to operate in many cases. The cooperatives have launched legal appeals against these cancellations.

Aggressive practices against KRAFT FOODS workers in Argentina30-11-2009

On 3 July, workers at Kraft Foods held a demonstration at the plant following the multinational’s refusal to offer better protection against the H1N1 swine flu virus. Kraft’s response was to fire 156 workers, including a number of union representatives and members of the internal union committee.
Unable to reason with the management, the workers decided to occupy the plant on 7 September, and to launch an action plan to give greater visibility to this labour dispute labour dispute See industrial dispute that had already gone on for two months and was also linked to demands for other labour rights and guarantees.
The workers continued to stage marches and protests, blocking roads and streets to demand respect for their rights. On 25 September, they met with violent repression at the hands of the Buenos Aires Provincial Police. Hundreds of police officers stormed the plant and charged at the striking workers, wielding truncheons and tear gas. Four people were seriously injured and 65 workers were arrested.
Following this incident, demonstrations were held on the city’s main streets. After a total stoppage lasting 38 days, the company saw itself with no option but to reinstate 70 workers. Meanwhile, the labour courts ruled that the company should reinstate the union representatives. On 16 October, a statement was signed in which the company pledged to reinstate 33 workers, upholding 53 dismissals, and the workers agreed they would not use forceful measures or block roads and streets. The labour dispute labour dispute See industrial dispute remains ongoing, as the company is pursuing the legal actions initiated against a number of union representatives, and the workers continue to demand their rights and guarantees, as well as the reinstatement of all those dismissed.

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