3 – Regular violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Argentina

The ITUC affiliates in Argentina are the Central de los Trabajadores de la Argentina (CTA) and the Confederación General del Trabajo de la República Argentina (CGT).

In practice

Browse by:

El Tabacal sugar workers brutally repressed24-08-2016

On 24 August 2016, during a dispute that had brought El Tabacal sugar mill, in the province of Salta, to a standstill, police used rubber bullets to put an end to a roadblock, under orders of the governor, Juan Manuel Urtubey.
With harvesting at a standstill, renewed negotiations had been scheduled to take place the day before, between representatives of the management and the workers. Representatives from the company failed to show, stirring uproar among the sugar workers, who decided to set up a complete roadblock. Moments later, riot police decided to disperse the protesting workers. The force used was so disproportionate that 30 workers were injured in the operation.

Sugar workers suffer brutal repression15-07-2016

On 15 July 2016, in the province of Jujuy, sugar workers belonging to the Sindicato de Obreros y Empleados del Azúcar del Ingenio Ledesma (SOEAIL-CTA) were brutally attacked by members of the National Gendarmerie and private security guards whilst taking part in a march within the framework of an indefinite stoppage called to press for better pay and working conditions. Over 80 workers were injured by rubber bullets and several were arrested.

Editorial Perfil press workers put on trial31-12-2015

In December 2015 the VII Chamber of the National Criminal and Correctional Appeals Court ordered that the whole Internal Trade Union Committee of the Editorial Perfil press workers go on trial, as well ordering a lien of 210,000 ARP against union representatives Rubén Schofrin, Marcelo Iglesias, Raúl Mileo, Carlos Rodríguez, Héctor Velázquez and José Luis Quartana.

Union registration delayed and denied 01-12-2015

In the course of 2015 the Government of Argentina continued its practice of not respecting established deadlines for the administrative procedures necessary for the registration of a trade union or the granting of legal personality to a union, delaying its decisions as a way of denying registration to the applicant union. By so doing it can make the administrative steps last years, depriving the trade unions of the right to recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. as legal entity. One such case is the Argentina Workers Centre (CTA) which applied for legal personality in 2004. By 2015 the government had still not completed the procedures, despite countless requests by the ILO International Labour Organization A tripartite United Nations (UN) agency established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. The main international body charged with developing and overseeing international labour standards.

See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights
supervisory bodies to reach a decision.
Other requests for registration that were still pending in 2015 included the Energy Workers’ Federation of the Republic of Argentina (FETERA), which applied in 2000; the Catamarca Health Professionals Association, which began proceedings for union registration in 2007; the Neuquén Union of Public Health Professionals, whose proceedings began in 2008; the La Rioja Health Professionals Association and the Health Union, whose began their application in 2009; the Tucumán Self-organised health workers’ union and the Telecommunications Employees and Technicians Union, who applied to register their union in 2010; the Misiones Union of Piece-Rate, Temporary and Unemployed Workers, the Pedagogical Liberation Movement and the Misiones Province Education Workers union who began their registration proceedings in 2011 and the Catamarca United Teachers’ Association and the Misiones Central Market Workers and Labourers Union, who applied in 2012.
In August 2015 the VIII Chamber of the National Labour Appeals Court ordered the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security to register the Villa Maria Commercial and Services Workers’ Union (UTRACOS-CTA A) within ten days. It had applied for registration in 2005 and the Ministry of Labour had refused to grant it despite rulings in favour by the relevant administrative bodies.

Arauco Argentina S.A. steadily increasing its outsourcing 01-12-2015

One common practice by employers to weaken the trade unions is to decentralise tasks listed in the collective agreement by outsourcing outsourcing See contracting-out them to other companies and using employees from other companies to carry out tasks covered in the CBA. One case in point is the cellulose company Arauco Argentina S.A. which has a valid CBA with the Cellulose, Paper and Cardboard Industry Workers’ and Employees’ Union in the Misiones Province (SOEP Misiones) and which for the last few years has been steadily outsourcing outsourcing See contracting-out more and more of the tasks covered by the collective agreement.

Employer delays negotiations01-12-2015

The Professional Divers’ Association has tried to negotiate a collective agreement with Antares Naviera S.A. , Möhn Drilling A.S and the Argentinian Chamber of Diving and Rescue (CABUSA) since 2014, but the employers kept dragging out the negotiations. In the course of 2015 they did not attend the majority of the meetings organised by the Ministry of Labour and refused to provide a list of negotiators for the administrative records.

Authorities’ interference in trade union elections01-12-2015

The Autonomous Argentina Workers’ Centre (Central de Trabajadores de la Argentina – Autonoma CTA-A) reported repeated interference in trade union elections by the administrative authorities. On 26 May 2014 the National Leadership of the Trade Union Associations of the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security issued a ruling in which it rejected the validity of the CTA-A’s election announcement.
During 2015 the election of trade union representatives at the workplace under the umbrella of the National Social Security Administration (ANSES), and organised by the State Employees’ Association (ATE) was dismissed by the Ministry of Labour, under whose authority the ANSES falls, on the grounds of legal ineffectiveness.

Discrimination against teaching union by the authorities30-03-2015

In March 2015, representatives of the ADEMYS teachers’ association held a rally at the entrance to the Education Ministry in Buenos Aires to denounce the political persecution and discrimination of their union, and attempts by the authorities to deny ADEMYS representation on various discussion and negotiating bodies. The union had also been prevented from taking part in the pay, statutes and grading commissions.

Intimidation and detention of education trade unionists10-03-2015

Police violently disrupted a meeting held by the Educators Union of the Cordoba Province (Unión de Educadores de la Provincia de Córdoba - UEPC) on 24 February 2015 in the city of Cordoba during a series of protest demonstrations against their employer, the government, and detained four trade union leaders, who were later released.

On 2 March 2015, the police detained Federico Chilaver, the Youth Secretary of Autonomous Workers Centre of Argentina (CTA Autónoma) in Montecarlo, Misiones Province, during a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
by the Pedagogical Liberation Movement (MPL) and the Misiones Education Workers’ Union (UTEM/CTA A). He was released after spending a few hours at the Monetcarlo police station. The union also reported that several union leaders had been intimidated during the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
.

Negotiations with teachers avoided28-02-2015

In February 2015 the Corrientes Education Workers Union (Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de la Educación Corrientes - Suteco) held a general assembly, two weeks before teachers returned to the classroom. The union decided to urgently demand parity for teachers according to the terms of Law no. 6030. It also decided to inform the Under-Secretary of Labour that, by virtue of article 25 of this law, if the Provincial government did not call for collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
, the union would have the right to take industrial action industrial action Any form of action taken by a group of workers, a union or an employer during an industrial dispute to gain concessions from the other party, e.g. a strike, go-slow or an overtime ban, or a lockout on the part of the employer. . Furthermore, the law sanctioned breaches of this article with fines. The union pointed out that there had been no negotiation, only informal meetings at the Ministry of Finance, where the unions had no decision making power. Consequently Suteco decided not to sign the official resolution.

Workers repressed on International Women’s Day08-03-2016

On 8 March 2016, a demonstation by the Minority and Education Labourers and Employees Union, composed mainly of school cafeteria cooks and porters, was violently repressed outside the General Directorate of Schools in La Plata. The union was demanding a pay rise of a minimum of 10,000 pesos, by not performing certain tasks and through peaceful demonstrations.

Repression of teachers’ march in Santiago del Estero07-03-2016

On 7 March 2016, teachers from Santiago del Estero, affiliated to the Santiago Circle of Middle and High School Teachers (Cisadems) took part in a march to demand an increase in their basic salary, the lowest in the country. When the march was nearing its end, it met with fierce repression that left several wounded, and two people were arrested.

The General Secretary of Cisadems, Ana Blanco, explained that there had been a huge police operation to try to prevent the Santiago teachers’ march, which began early in the day. Several union members from outside the town were intercepted and their vehicles impounded en route by the police to prevent them reaching the march.

Leader of CTA Autónoma arrested03-02-2016

On 26 January 2015, Rodolfo Aguiar, general secretary of the public workers’ union Asociación Trabajadores del Estado (ATE) and the Rio Negro branch of CTA Autónoma, was arrested for taking part in the protest action against the dismissal of 12 subcontracted workers from the University of Comahue in Fisque Menuco (General Roca). The Federal Court of Río Negro had already prosecuted Aguiar in October 2015 for roadblocks that had been set up in August and December 2013.

Violation of right to strike07-12-2015

On 3 December 2015, 28 teachers and truck drivers from Tierra del Fuego were condemned to between eight months and four years in prison for incidents that took place within the framework of a general strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in May 2013.

Police brutality against workers in La Plata08-01-2016

On 8 January 2016, CTA Autónoma denounced the police brutality against striking municipal employees in La Plata, which left six workers seriously injured. The strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
had been called following the mayors’ decision to dismiss 4500 workers.

Repression of Cresta Roja workers’ protest22-12-2015

On 22 December 2015, the public workers’ association Asociación Trabajadores del Estado (ATE) denounced the police repression of the protest being staged by employees of the Cresta Roja poultry company to demand the payment of their wages and the preservation of their jobs.

The ATE questioned the action taken by members of the Gendarmerie, on the orders of the National Security Secretary, Eugenio Burzaco, to forcibly remove the employees who were staging a partial roadblock on the highway leading to Ezeiza airport. The workers were dislodged despite having already come to an agreement with the National Security Secretary that vehicles would be allowed to circulate freely.

Right to strike violated in Salta07-05-2014

The Salta region health professionals’ union Asociación de Profesionales de la Salud de Salta (APSADES), affiliated to the Federación Sindical de Profesionales de la Salud de la República Argentina (FESPROSA), was ordered to pay a fine of 186,000 pesos by the provincial Labour Secretariat for failing to respect mandatory arbitration arbitration A means of resolving disputes outside the courts through the involvement of a neutral third party, which can either be a single arbitrator or an arbitration board. In non-binding arbitration, the disputing parties are free to reject the third party’s recommendation, whilst in binding arbitration they are bound by its decision. Compulsory arbitration denotes the process where arbitration is not voluntarily entered into by the parties, but is prescribed by law or decided by the authorities.

See conciliation, mediation
requirements. The fine was imposed when a 24-hour work stoppage was called for 25 April 2014, during which only emergency services were to be covered, according to the union’s general secretary, Dr. Graciela Aquere Riggieri.

In Riggieri’s view, the fine is aimed at undermining the union, to stifle its legitimate demands, which have been the same for years, and rather than trying to reach an agreement has achieved nothing but to sow doubt regarding the will to settle the provincial dispute, which is not merely limited to the education sector but includes other sectors in increasing numbers.

Arrested and tortured after a union activity30-11-2013

In the province of Misiones, Diego Armando Silveira, a young union leader of the Sindicato de Trabajadores del Mercado Central (Central Market Workers’ Union) was detained in November 2013 together with two fellow unionists. This took place during a conflict in which the workers were protesting against employers not complying with working conditions established in the agreements made with the union.

In order to repress this demonstration organized by the union, the workers were arrested and brutally beaten by the police of Regional Unit X.

A police report was filed thereafter, accusing the police officer of brutality, but the case never moved forward.

Silveira was ’’accused’’ of attempted murder, based upon the suspicious assertion of a person who described his alleged aggressor with physical features similar to Silveira. The worker was arrested and taken to the local precinct, where he was placed in detention and subject to illegal maltreatment and brutality.

Oil workers sentenced to life in prison30-12-2013

In December 2013, four oil workers were sentenced to life in prison in the town of Las Heras, province of Santa Cruz.

The workers were accused of killing a police officer in 2006, during a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
demanding a salary increase. Ramón Inocencio Cortez, José Rosales, Franco Padilla and Hugo González will have to spend the rest of their lives behind bars with no evidence of their guilt. The sentencing was based only on the incriminatory testimony of one person, whose statement was obtained under illegal maltreatment (torture).

Repression of trade unionists in Jujuy20-02-2014

On 20 February 2014, the Confederación General del Trabajo denounced the repressive action taken by security forces to quash a protest being held by municipal workers to press for decent working conditions in San Pedro, Jujuy. The trade union confederation also condemned the police raids on the homes of workers and trade union leaders.

Anti-trade union discrimination at nuclear energy company NASA08-11-2013

In August 2013, employees of the Argentinian nuclear energy company (NASA), members of the Asociación de Trabajadores del Estado (ATE), asked to be present as a trade union at the negotiating table. They also accused the company of discrimination, as by excluding the ATE from the negotiations, it is depriving the workers of various job benefits.

Pharmaceutical industry initiates criminal proceedings against trade unionists05-11-2013

The Central de los Trabajadores de la Argentina (CTA) reported, in November 2013, that the pharmaceutical industry has launched an intimidation campaign against various leaders of the Asociación de Agentes de Propaganda Médica (AAPM-CTA), including its General Secretary, Ricardo Peidro, who is also a member of the TUCA Executive Committee.
According to the CTA, employers from the pharmaceutical industry, grouped in the Cámara Argentina de Especialidades Medicinales (CAEMe), Cámara Industrial de Laboratorios Farmacéuticos Argentinos (CILFA) and the Cámara Empresaria de Laboratorios Farmacéuticos (COOPERALA), decided to initiate criminal proceedings against workers and their representatives, in response to protests staged by the AAPM following the employers’ refusal to negotiate in good faith within the framework of national collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
with medical sales representatives.
According to the information provided by the CTA, the pharmaceutical industry, through the ROEMMERS Group, decided to initiate criminal proceedings against workers involved in the protests, including leaders of the AAPM who also hold positions in the CTA.

Repression in Tierra del Fuego31-08-2013

In August 2013, in Tierra del Fuego province, the provincial government responded to trade union protests by doggedly pursuing social activists and criminalising social protest by bringing prosecutions against education workers and truck drivers. The conflict stems from the provincial government’s non-compliance with the collective agreements, through the absence and delaying tactics of its representatives as well as harassment in the form of sanctions and salary deductions imposed on workers taking affirmative action in defence of the national social security system.

Repression of trade unionists in Jujuy12-08-2013

On 12 August 2013, leaders of the Asociación de Educadores Provinciales (ADEP) and the Centro de Docentes de Enseñanza Media y Superior (CEDEMS) were repressed by the police while demonstrating peacefully in front of the Ministry for Education.

On 28 August, the Jujuy police suppressed a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
by civil servants for better wages and arrested the General Secretary of the Asociación Trabajadores del Estado (ATE), Fernando “Nando” Acosta, along with 200 other people.

Anti-trade union dismissals at service stations31-08-2013

In August 2013, the Federación de Trabajadores de la Energía (FeTERA) denounced the dismissals of service station workers in Río Cuarto, Córdoba. Ernesto Duco, who qualifies for trade union immunity, was amongst those dismissed.

Dismissals and asset stripping at graphics company28-02-2013

In February 2013, the Unión Obrera Gráfica Cordobesa, representing workers at the Talleres Gráficos La Moneda SACyF – Offset Nis, condemned the dismissals of part of the staff and actions to strip the company’s assets within the framework of an ongoing trade union dispute caused by a constant delay in the payment of salaries and non-compliance with labour standards.

Anti-trade union persecution in Buenos Aires30-06-2013

In June 2013, the Governor of the province of Buenos Aires, Daniel Scioli, threatened to bring a criminal prosecution for extortion and coercion against the General Secretary of the Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de la Educación de Buenos Aires (SUTEBA), Roberto Baradel, simply because he had tried to defend quality public education in the province of Buenos Aires.

In July 2013, the Asociación de Supervisores...31-07-2013

In July 2013, the Asociación de Supervisores de la Industria Metalmecánica (ASIMRA), affiliated to IndustriALL, has put its members on a state of alert in response to the employers’ refusal to discuss changes to the job classification categories set out in the current collective agreement.

Anti-trade union dismissals at Telefónica07-05-2013

On 7 May 2013, workers affiliated to the Unión de Empleados y Técnicos de las Telecomunicaciones (UETTEL) staged a demonstration in front of the headquarters of Elecnor Argentina S.A., a subcontractor of Telefónica, in protest at the “employer’s decision to dismiss 300 workers”. The trade unionists stated that the measure was an attack on trade union freedom as the workers dismissed were trade union members.

Following pressure and demonstrations by the union, Telefónica Argentina forced Elecnor to renegotiate their contract and to reinstate the workers who had been dismissed.

Police intervention09-08-2013

Police in the province of Salta violently repressed workers at Ingenio San Martín del Tabacal who were demonstrating in front of the workplace. In August 2012, the police action included intervention in the Villa Las Rosas neighbourhood, where the repressive forces entered workers’ homes and fired tear gas which also affected their families. A two year old girl was injured by police buckshot. In recent years the company has practiced anti-union dismissals and intervened in the union elections.

Interference in trade union activities31-08-2012

In August 2012 the Government of Buenos Aires issued a resolution requiring all municipal workers’ unions to request a permit to conduct meetings, reserving the authority to assess the appropriateness of what is done outside working hours.

Compulsory conciliation09-08-2013
Multinational “Teleperformance” refuses to negotiate23-01-2012

Workers at the Teleperformance multinational company which provides client services, technical support, telesales and payment collection services, decided to organise one hour stoppages each day in protest at their poor working conditions and management’s refusal to negotiate.

On 7 January the company began to empty its Hipólito Irigoyen offices, asking workers to choose between “voluntary departure or moving to another location”, which resulted in breaking up the organised workers.
Subsequently, the company proceeded to dismiss 11 union delegates and activists, although they were later reinstated further to a decision of the internal committee. In April the company dismissed 110 workers for being “unproductive” and hired new staff with no history of trade union involvement. In July the company stopped attending the conciliation conciliation An attempt by a neutral third party, a conciliator, to aid the settling of an industrial dispute by improving communications, offering advice and interpreting issues to bring the disputing parties to a point where they can reconcile their differences. The conciliator does not take as active a role as a mediator or an arbitrator.

See arbitration, mediation
meetings organised by the Labour Ministry and in August it unilaterally decreed the suspension of all workers and the closure and liquidation of the company. As a result is was prosecuted for disruption.

Anti-union practices at the Icro Ómnibus Norte SA (Monsa) transport company15-09-2011

The 1,340 workers at the transport company Micro Ómnibus Norte S.A. (Monsa) organised a work stoppage in September after repeated violations of their rights by the company, including the non-payment of allowances, poor occupational health and safety conditions and a lack of recognition recognition The designation by a government agency of a union as the bargaining agent for workers in a given bargaining unit, or acceptance by an employer that its employees can be collectively represented by a union. of their union delegation in its defence of the workers’ interests. On bus line 60 the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
extended into the month of October in protest against attacks on the granddaughter of a delegate taking part in the negotiations, who was threatened and tortured, and told that her granddad would be killed if the workers did not drop their demands.

Anti-union practices at IBM Argentina28-07-2011

Workers at IBM complained that the company was trying to prevent the computer workers’ union “Unión Informática”. The workers presented a set of demands to improve their working conditions and to protest at the dismissal of 200 workers. The workers went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
on 28 July 2011. They later submitted complaints against the management of the enterprise for threatening dismissals and penalties against those who had taken part in the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
.

Reluctance to negotiate in the oil industry17-07-2011

Workers from the Santa Cruz Private Oil and Gas Workers’ Union went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in April 2011 to demand better working conditions in the companies in the industry. Workers from the oil companies based in the Argentinian provinces of Río Negro, Neuquén and La Pampa also stopped work in November 2011. They were calling on their companies (including YPF, Repsol, Total and Apache Corporation) to sign a collective agreement introducing pay rises for most of the staff, in response to the high level of inflation, which had reached 20% a year and was seriously affecting their incomes. The oil companies were consistently reluctant to negotiate with the union.

Bogus labour cooperatives31-12-2010

There are still some bogus labour cooperatives used to thwart the creation of trade unions. At least 1,500 railway workers are hired using this method, whereby workers are registered as supposed business associates, and are not paid a salary but instead make “withdrawals” from the cooperatives profits. Further to complaints the government has dealt with this serious problem by cancelling their permission to operate in many cases. The cooperatives have launched legal appeals against these cancellations.

Aggressive practices against KRAFT FOODS workers in Argentina30-11-2009

On 3 July, workers at Kraft Foods held a demonstration at the plant following the multinational’s refusal to offer better protection against the H1N1 swine flu virus. Kraft’s response was to fire 156 workers, including a number of union representatives and members of the internal union committee.
Unable to reason with the management, the workers decided to occupy the plant on 7 September, and to launch an action plan to give greater visibility to this labour dispute labour dispute See industrial dispute that had already gone on for two months and was also linked to demands for other labour rights and guarantees.
The workers continued to stage marches and protests, blocking roads and streets to demand respect for their rights. On 25 September, they met with violent repression at the hands of the Buenos Aires Provincial Police. Hundreds of police officers stormed the plant and charged at the striking workers, wielding truncheons and tear gas. Four people were seriously injured and 65 workers were arrested.
Following this incident, demonstrations were held on the city’s main streets. After a total stoppage lasting 38 days, the company saw itself with no option but to reinstate 70 workers. Meanwhile, the labour courts ruled that the company should reinstate the union representatives. On 16 October, a statement was signed in which the company pledged to reinstate 33 workers, upholding 53 dismissals, and the workers agreed they would not use forceful measures or block roads and streets. The labour dispute labour dispute See industrial dispute remains ongoing, as the company is pursuing the legal actions initiated against a number of union representatives, and the workers continue to demand their rights and guarantees, as well as the reinstatement of all those dismissed.

© ITUC-CSI-IGB 2013 | www.ituc-csi.org | Contact Design by Pixeleyes.be - maps: jVectorMap