3 – Regular violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Chile

The ITUC affiliates in Chile are the Central Autónoma de Trabajadores de Chile (CAT), the Central Unitaria de Trabajadores de Chile (CUT) and the Unión Nacional de Trabajadores de Chile (UNT).

In practice

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Police repression against striking miners30-07-2015

On 24 July 2015, worker Nelson Quichillao López died as a result of shots fired by the Special Forces on the outskirts of the city of El Salvador. Another worker, Rodrigo Vásquez Salazar, was seriously injured.

According to the copper workers’ confederation Confederación de Trabajadores del Cobre (CTC), the Special Forces were sent in to repress, neutralise and disperse the peaceful mobilisation of striking miners.

The nationwide strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
was called following Coldeco’s refusal to negotiate a framework agreement seeking to improve the working conditions of the contract and subcontract staff organised within the CTC.

Starbucks don´t negotiate in good faith with union24-10-2013

In October 2013, as it announced record profits, the company rejected all Starbucks Workers´ Union demands, included in a draft collective agreement.

Alleging damage to its competitiveness, the company has said it cannot cover basic benefits to workers such as meals and commuting expenses, as well as sick pay rights.

The majority of workers are young people under 25, ironically referred to by its internal regulations as “partners”.

Starbucks’s view is that “unions are unnecessary” and that organising organising The process of forming or joining a trade union, or inducing other workers to form or join one. is “a betrayal and distrust of management”.

The company is using all its resources to derail the process of collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
and, through intimidation and direct retaliation, discourages workers from joining the union.

The company was sentenced four times for violation of trade union rights in 2012, and the Chilean Supreme Court has recently upheld an appeal court ordering it to pay a $50,000 fine and to negotiate a collective agreement with the union.

Delta Airlines replaces workers on strike31-12-2012

Workers at Delta Airlines went on strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
in December 2012 for better working conditions and to demand an end to labour abuses and undue pressure. The company employed new personnel to replace the striking workers.

Courier firm threats to organised workers31-03-2013

In March 2013, after the creation of a union, the courier firm Servicios Integrales de Cobranzas y Correspondencia had access through the Labour Inspectorate to unionised workers, several of which were dismissed or threatened to be relocated.

Repression of strike by call centre workers31-01-2013

In January 2013, industrial action industrial action Any form of action taken by a group of workers, a union or an employer during an industrial dispute to gain concessions from the other party, e.g. a strike, go-slow or an overtime ban, or a lockout on the part of the employer. by workers in the Unisono Call Centre was met with repression by police. Union protesters denounced that tear gas was fired inside the workplace and workers were beaten up as they evacuated the premises.

Union leader beaten up by police31-03-2013

In March 2013, Enrique Solar Lagos, a leader of the Mejillones Port Workers Union (Sindicato de Muellaje SVTI) was sent to hospital with severe injuries after being beaten up by police officers during a picket related to industrial action industrial action Any form of action taken by a group of workers, a union or an employer during an industrial dispute to gain concessions from the other party, e.g. a strike, go-slow or an overtime ban, or a lockout on the part of the employer. demanding work lunch breaks and a toilet for workers.

Chilean trade union leader shot dead28-02-2013

On Thursday 21 February, Juan Pablo Jiménez, an employee of the electrical engineering company Azeta, was shot dead as he was walking to his office at the company. He was found by colleagues, who took him to the medical service. However, Juan Pablo was pronounced dead on arrival. According to the police who investigated the crime, Juan Pablo was killed by a bullet fired from the residential areas close to the company premises. Juan Pablo Jiménez was President of the N°1 union at the company and President of the Chilectra Federation of Subcontractors. On Friday 22 February, he was due to attend a hearing to continue denouncing the company’s anti-trade union practices.

Walmart in Chile opposed to collective bargaining16-08-2013

Walmart was confronted in July 2013 with an official collective bargaining collective bargaining The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers’ representatives, trade unions, or trade union centres on the one hand and an employer, a group of employers or one or more employers’ organisations on the other.

See collective bargaining agreement
agreement and in order not to give in to workers’ demands, used the threat of dismissals. The only concession the company agreed to offer was a wage adjustment of a mere 159 Chilean pesos, which equates to 31.8 US cent.

Hundred and seven fines issued for anti-union practices31-12-2011

The Labour Directorate penalised 107 companies for anti-union practices during 2011. The offence most punished was the unfair dismissal of workers with trade union immunity. The firms, as well as having their names published in the list of violating companies, received a fine and a two-year ban on supplying goods or services to the state. The CUT denounced that many of the companies pay the fine and then continue with their anti-union practices.

Refusal to negotiate at Barrick Gold mine15-02-2011

In February 2011, the union of workers employed by Consorcio Colorada Punta, a Barrick Gold subcontractor, held a stoppage in protest at the company’s refusal to negotiate better health and safety and working conditions. The miners are working in very harsh environmental conditions. The union is demanding negotiations with Barrick Gold, given that any decisions ultimately depend on the corporation. The company remained firm in its refusal to recognise its obligations in terms of workers’ rights.

Lencería Antonella refuses to negotiate31-12-2011

The Federación de Sindicatos Complementos Chile led an eight-day protest in December 2011 against lingerie manufacturer Lencería Antonella over its refusal to hold collective negotiations on working conditions. The union is asking the company to pay on time and to meet its labour obligations.

Number of companies sanctioned for anti-union practices almost doubled30-11-2009

The Labour Directorate announced that the number of companies sanctioned for anti-union practices during the second half of 2009 went from 19 to 32. The sectors receiving the most fines were commerce, manufacturing and security. The most heavily fined companies were printing firm Printax S.A. and the private school Helénico, for the unfair dismissal of workers whose jobs are legally protected given their status as trade union representatives. As well as being fined, companies are excluded from the public procurement system, and have to pay compensation to the workers affected.

Practices promoting precarious employment and obstructing unionisation30-11-2009

During 2009, public and private sector employers continued to widely use subcontracting as a means of undermining workers’ rights and guarantees and obstructing trade unionism. At least two thirds of workers in metal manufacturing companies are employed on precarious contracts, depriving them of adequate social protection, decent working conditions and the right to unionise.

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