2 – Repeated violations of rights
The ITUC Global Rights Index

Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of

The ITUC affiliate in Macedonia is the Union of Independent and Autonomous Trade Unions of Macedonia (UNASM).

In practice

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Anti-union discrimination against doctors05-12-2012

In December 2012, the Ministry of Health urged unsatisfied patients to report doctors who had failed to treat them. This warning came after the union had announced a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
asking the Ministry to withdraw a regulation according to which wages would be calculated based on the number of patients treated. It was reported that the warning was intended to intimidate workers planning to participate in the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
. During the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
, the doctors ensured minimum services were provided to patients in emergency cases. The Ministry of Health refused to negotiate with the union and instead engaged with the union “Mother Theresa” established when the strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
was announced.

Intimidation of workers to stop strike31-10-2012

Macedonian Railways dismissed 13 workers, including Risto Pejovski, President of the Independent Trade Union of Engine Drivers of Macedonia (NSMPM), for having instigated a strike strike The most common form of industrial action, a strike is a concerted stoppage of work by employees for a limited period of time. Can assume a wide variety of forms.

See general strike, intermittent strike, rotating strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike
demanding salary payments without delay. The dismissals were unjustified and illegal.

Some positive progress despite marginalisation of social dialogue 31-12-2011

The criteria for the representative participation of social partners social partners Unions and employers or their representative organisations. in bipartite and tripartite social dialogue social dialogue Discussion and co-operation between the social partners on matters of common interest, such as economic and social policy. Involves participation by the state where tripartism is practice. were finally implemented, and the trade unions began signing collective agreements in the public sector. However, both bipartite and tripartite social dialogue social dialogue Discussion and co-operation between the social partners on matters of common interest, such as economic and social policy. Involves participation by the state where tripartism is practice. remains weak, with insufficient participation of the social partners social partners Unions and employers or their representative organisations. in policy development processes.

According to the Federation of Trade Unions of Macedonia (CCM) and the Confederation of Free Trade Unions of Macedonia (KSS), the two representative trade unions participating in it, the Social and Economic Council (SEC) established in 2010 at national level, is still being further developed. Social and Economic Councils have been established at local level with the participation of trade union representatives. There are three local SEC in Kumanovo, Strumica and Kavadarci, and ten more are being established in the larger municipalities.

Although the government took steps to address the excessive use of fixed term contracts in the civil service, which is illegal, a significant number of temporary positions remains.

On a positive note, thanks to a social partners social partners Unions and employers or their representative organisations. ’ initiative, the Law on European Works Councils was adopted which gives workers the right to information and consultation and to participation in works councils on transnational issues and the promotion of social dialogue social dialogue Discussion and co-operation between the social partners on matters of common interest, such as economic and social policy. Involves participation by the state where tripartism is practice. . Furthermore, for the first time since the country’s independence, a law on the minimum wage was adopted and the minimum wage set. Furthermore, amendments were being made to the law on wages, including a 5% wage increase from December 2012.

Anti-union discrimination31-12-2011

Pressure and mobbing are commonly used against trade union members and representatives. While the law prohibits anti-union discrimination anti-union discrimination Any practice that disadvantages a worker or a group of workers on grounds of their past, current or prospective trade union membership, their legitimate trade union activities, or their use of trade union services. Can constitute dismissal, transfer, demotion, harassment and the like.

See Guide to the ITUC international trade union rights framework

, anti-union dismissals exist in practice, and dismissal cases usually take two to three years to resolve in court. In addition to the inefficiencies of the labour inspectorate, distrust of the legal system has increased in recent years as a result of stronger political control. Some companies have allegedly tried to interfere in trade union elections, or even break up enterprise level trade union organisations.

Collective agreements not respected in the public sector31-12-2010

The EC Progress Report notes that there is no effective social dialogue social dialogue Discussion and co-operation between the social partners on matters of common interest, such as economic and social policy. Involves participation by the state where tripartism is practice. in the public sector and that collective agreements are not respected. The legitimacy of the signing trade union can also be questioned by other trade unions. Until the third quarter of 2010, the number of temporary posts within public administration was disproportionately high, even though the hiring of temporary staff is not compliant with the laws on civil and public servants.

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